Name of the Temple
Sri Sowmya Narayanan Temple
Period of origin
Before 2000 years
Name of deity
Moolavar: Sri Uraga Mellanayaan
Thayar: Thirumagal Naachiyaar
Pushkarani: Deva Pushkarani, Thiruppaarkadal.
Vimanam: Ashtaanga vimanam.
Mangalaashaasanam: Nammalwar,Periyalwar, Thirumangaialwar, Bhoodathalwar, Peiyalwar, Thirumazhisaialwar.
Here Perumal appears holding his hands to receive Dhanam. Once emperor pururavachakravarthi decided to give dhanam to 1008 Brahmins. This yagam was conducted in a grand manner. At the time of dhanam the King found out that there were only 1007 Brahmins. It was a great shock to the King. Immediately He Prayed to Perumal to fulfill his wish. The Perumal himself appeared as Brahmin and received the dhanam. So Perumal in this temple appears holding his hand as dhana hastham
Asura Hiranyakashipu prayed to Brahmma for a boon that he would not be killed by Devas, human race, animals or by weapons. Having secured the boon, he went on a rampage harassing everyone and forcing them to utter ‘Namo Hiranyaya Namaha’. Worried at his increasing power and anxious at what his next action would be, Devas sought Shiva’s help, who directed them to Brahmma, who further directed them to Vishnu as the only one who could pin down Hiranyakashipu.
The Devas went to Thiru Paarkadal only to be told by Lord Narayana that Hiranya’s powers had spread around the world and they had to go and find a place in the world where His name was still being chanted. They managed to find Kadamba Rishi’s ashram as the one place where Lord Narayana’s name was still being uttered. The Rishi was undertaking severe penance in his quest to have darshan of the Lord as Sheerabdhi Nathan. The Devas and Tri Murthies went to Kadamba Rishi’s ashram to discuss the plan to kill Hiranya. While everyone remained there, Lord Narayana went back to Thiru Paarkadal where, he asked Sanghu Karna to be born as Hiranyakashipu’s son Prahalada who would utter Namo Narayana all the time, much to his father’s shock.
After Hiranya Samhara, Kadamba Rishi requested Brahmma to give him a model of Lord Narayana killing Hiranya. It was Brahmma who directed Vishwakarma to construct a 3 tier structure at this place- one with Om, another with Namo and the third with Narayana with the Southern side of the tower depicting ‘Lord ‘Narasimha catching Hiranyan’. He asked Maayan to construct the Northern side of the tower depicting ‘Narasimha killing Hiranyan’.
Thriugostiyoor is the birth place of Thirugostiyoor Nambi, who is also named as “Selva Nambi”. He was the guru of Sri Ramanujar, who was preached with the “Ashtakshara Mantram”. But, the way he was taught the Ashtakshara Mantram was one of main issue that has to be explained. Selva Nambi ordered Sri Ramanujar to do the fasting in this sthalam. as he crossed the age of 60 he got the Ashtakshara Mantram. After that he was ordered by Selva Nambi that the Mantram should not be published to any one and it should be kept secret. On hearing the Mantram. he felt it strong pressure and holy spirit in it, has he felt he want the public to know the secret thing that would be useful to all. As a result of his thought, he went straight to the temple of Sowmya Narayana perumal and stood on the huge walls send out the message and asked the people to gather there. He came in front and started to repeat the manthara and also asked them to repeat it. On hearing this, Selva Nambi got angry on Sri Ramanujar since he has not obeyed his words and has broken the promise that he had given to him. Then, he called up Sri Ramanujar and said that having broken the promise, he has to pay for the mistake, he will be going to the hell. But before that, Thirugoshtiyoor Nambi (Selva Nambi) wanted to know the reason why he made the Ashtakshara Mantram so public? He answered all things belongs to Sriman Naryanan and no one should keep it secret . Hence he publicized the Mantram. On hearing this from Sri Ramanujar, Selva Nambi realized how his mind was narrowed and felt for it. But, at the same time he was attracted by the thinking of Sri Ramanujar towards humanity and vaishnavism. As a result of it, Selva Nambi called Sri Ramanujar as his Emperumaanar. We can find two separate statues that are made of bronze for Thirugoshtiyoor Nambi and Sri Ramanujar in this temple.
In the Thirupallandu verse, Peri Azhvaar says that having seen him here at Thiru Koshtiyur, he too like the faultless Thiru Koshtiyur Nambi will become a faithful Servant of the Lord and that he will forever chant and spread the Om Namo Narayana mantra as well as the several other names of the Lord with the sole aim of relinquishing all other unwanted desires in life. In addition to Peri Azhvaar, Four other Azhvaars – Thirumangai Azhvaar, Peyazhvaar, Thirumazhisai Azhvaar and Bhoothath Azhvaar have sung praise of the Thiru Koshtiyur Lord in a total of 40 verses. PeriAzhvaar visualised ‘Aayarpadi’ when he saw Thiru Koshtiyur
When Peri Azhvaar visited Thiru Koshtiyur for the first time, it was Krishna Jayanthi period and the whole place was agog with a festival atmosphere with people singing and dancing around bringing back memories of the young and playful Krishna. Peri Azhvaar visualized Thiru Koshtiyur as ‘Aayarpadi’ and sung praise of this place referring to this as ‘one with big mansions’.
As the Devas came here in Groups (Ghosti) requesting Lord Narayana to kill Asura Hiranyakashipu, this place is called Koshtiyur. The belief is that a visit to this place will remove one’s sins as can be seen from the name – Thiruku (Sin) – Otiyur (removed). Belief is that visiting Thiru Koshtiyur provides one the fruits of visiting Naimisaranyam Divya Desam, a bath in the Ganges and a visit to Kurukshetra. It is said that a Vaishnavite who does not visit Thiru Koshtiyur will become a monkey in the next birth.
This sthalam explains all the necessary actions (or) moral to the people of the world. No one can destroy the enemy as a single person, but if as a team, we can achieve anything and it is well explained by the action performed by Sriman Narayanan to get the divine nector for the devas. Udayavr Sri Ramanujar who is the hamsam of Aadhiseshan, is serving as the bed for the Emperumaan here.
It is said that on seeing the statues of Ugraha Narasimhar, people are frightened, so later these two statues are kept close to the paramapadha vaasal (entrance). Udayavar, Emperumaanar Sri Ramanujar statue is found on the top of the Vimaanam facing the village and this sthalam is so called as “Dhvayam (two) vilaindha thirupadhi”.
Here one can see the Vimaanam which is very big and widely spread. On entering the temple is the mandapam named “Thirumaamani Mandapam”, where Lord Shiva gives his seva as “Sarabeshwarar”. He originated on his own (Suyambhu) and as a result of not caring properly, it was in the damaged condition. On the south direction of the Mandapam, a separate sannadhi for Lord Narasimhar and on the North side, a separate sannadhi for Sri Ramar are found. It is said that in front of this Narasimhar sannadhi only, Sri Ramanujar was taught the “Ashtakshara Mantram” from selva Nambi.
In the upper tier, we can find Moolavar, “Thiru paarkadal Nathan” also named as “Uraga Mellanayaan” (or) Sthiti Narayanan is found in Veetrirundha thirukkolam and on the either side of him is periya and Bhoomi piratti are found. It is said that utsavar, Sowmya Narayana perumal and other 3 pirattiyaar’s idols are given by Indiran to Kadambha Maharishi. On the south side of Ashtanga vimaanam, a separate sannadhi for Thirumaa magal Naachiyaar and on the North side, there is a separate sannadhi for Sri Aandal is found.
In the middle thalam (or) tier, we can see Nindra Narayanan along with Periya piratti and Bhoomi piratti in Nindra Kolam and he is also named as “Upendran”. Here, we can find lots of various architectural works pertaining to the Indra Loka scenes and saptha rishis. Lots of Painting and artistic works like Desavathaaram, devas, Munis and suriyan and Alwars are found.
Ashtaanga vimanam. This kind of vimaanam is a rare one that is found only in few sthalams like koodal Azhager temple in Madurai, Vaikunda perumal koil in Kanchipuram and in Thirupporur. Ashta means Eight and 8 vimaanams are found on 4 sides (2 each) of the temple.
In Chithrai star car festival and promotsavan are conducted,
In Vaigasi Five days festival of Kajendira motsam are conducted. Ten days of Vaigasi Rohini Star Nambigal Utsavam conducted,
In Adi Aadi- Puram – Andal car festival and promotsavam for 10 days are conducted,
In Avani – Avani Jesta Abhishegam celebrated.
In Markali ten days and 10 nights festivals.Paramapathavasal opening.
In Masi Full moon Theppam festival for 10 days,
In Panguni Uthiranjal festival are celebrated here.
8Kms South West of Tirupattur, 25kms North of Sivagangai and about 25kms West of Karaikudi
7.00 am to 12 pm and 4 pm to 8 pm
Temple Telephone Number:
04577 – 261122 or 261103.
Sri Sowmya Narayanan Temple,