Gujarat – Sri Mathru Gaya

Name of the Temple

Sri Mathru Gaya

Period of origin

Before 1500 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Sri Maha Vishnu

Sthalapuranam:

Certain positions in Nature have surfaced a point of level that can never be encroached upon and have to be recognized with due respect without any compromise. One such position is that of a Mother. Prime importance is given to the worship of parents (father & mother) across the world in any religion or philosophy and more so in Hindu Dharma. Famous sloka “Mathru Devo Bhava-Pithru Devo Bhava-Aaachaarya Devo Bhava-Athithi Devo Bhava” is just an example of how much significance is given to these four elements of human life whose worship is considered as equivalent to the worship of God.

We have many examples in our Hindu philosophy where several sages, devotees, great personalities, and even the incarnations of Lord Vishnu have glorified the significance of this dictum which has not changed over ages. Lord Sri Rama is quoted as the best example of putting into practice this Sanatana Dharma Sutra.

In this order Mother is given the first and the foremost prominence, a unique and sacred place that can never be filled by any other element. A Mother is depicted as an epitome of benevolence, love and affection. She, with all her struggles bears a child in her womb for nine months before he or she is blessed with life in this world.

She is considered as the first Guru (teacher) of a child and the one who introduces father to a child. Hindu Dharma has given highest prominence to the role of a Mother and Father and prescribes worship of parents even after they leave this world by performing Pitru Yagna (performing sacred rites to the departed souls) by their descendants. As a part of getting discharged from Pitru Rina (that includes Mathru Rina) it is incumbent on the part of every Hindu to perform Pitru Yagna. Apart from performing sacred rituals to the departed souls at periodical intervals, performing them at certain specified places has acquired lot of significance as a part of Pithru Yagna and is considered as highly meritorious.

In the process of performing such sacred rites at prominent places generally we come across people visiting places like Kasi, Gaya, Prayaga, Rameswaram etc. and perform sacred rites to their forefathers that also include maternal spirits. But one such place which is exclusively dedicated to performing sacred rites to a Mother we find only at Siddhpur in Gujarat known as Mathru Gaya Kshetra on the banks of the holy Bindu Sarovara.

Bindu Sarovar is glorified with the incarnation of Lord Sri Maha Vishnu as Sri Kapila Mahamuni on its banks, sanctified as the Tapo Bhoomi of Sage Kardhama Prajapathi, the holy place where Sri Kapilaacharya had preached Moksha Gnana [fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”yes” overflow=”visible”][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ background_position=”left top” background_color=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” spacing=”yes” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” padding=”” margin_top=”0px” margin_bottom=”0px” class=”” id=”” animation_type=”” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_direction=”left” hide_on_mobile=”no” center_content=”no” min_height=”none”][Saankhya philosophy] to his Mother, and celestial place where Devahuti attained salvation. Literally Bindu means a drop and Sarovar means a lake. It was known as a Lake of Drops [Bindu Sarovar] where tears of Lord Sri Maha Vishnu are believed to have fallen in this lake. Bindu Sarovar is considered as holy as Triveni Sangam at Allahabad. There are three sacred water ponds around here known as Gnana Vapi, Alpa river and Bindu Sarovar. Generally we find people taking bath in Bindu Sarovar before performing the sacred rites which is considered as highly meritorious.

Along the shore of the Bindu Sarovar we find the temples of Sri Kapila Mahamuni, Sage Kardhama Prajapathi, Devahuti, where earlier existed their hermitages. We also find a temple of Gaya Gadhadhara in the same line. On the opposite side we find a temple of Lord Shiva and also other temples of Hindu Deities. On the banks of Bindu Sarovara near the Moksha Peepal Tree we find an image of Lord Parashuram offering Pinda Daan to his Mother. Since then it is believed to have become a tradition to perform sacred rites to a Mother at this place. Known to be famous as Mathru Gaya Kshethram, Bindu Sarovar at Siddhpur has acquired lot of religious and spiritual significance with Hindus from across the country visiting this place to perform sacred rites to their departed Mothers. It is the only place in India where we find Hindus performing Mathru Shraaddha exclusively by offering Pinda Pradhanam.

It is a pious place located on the banks of mythological holy river Saraswathi and the sacred lake Bindu Sarovar. It is a sacred place where Sage Kardhama did severe penance for 10000 divine years and had the darshan of Lord Sri Maha Vishnu. It is a holy place where Divine parents Sage Kardhama also known as Kardhama Prajapathi and his wife Devahuti lived and performed penance for several years. It is a place of adoration where Sri Kapilaacharya also known as Sri Kapila Bhagavan a philosophic incarnation of Lord Maha Vishnu was born to the Divine parents SageKardhama Prajapathi and Devahuti.

It is a virtuous place where Sri Kapila Bhagavantha the founder and exponent of Saankhya Philosophy had preached Divine Knowledge to his Mother Devahuti. It is a Divine place where Devahuti attained Siddhi and Salvation and thenceforth the place came to be known as Siddhipada which in course of time referred as Siddhpur. It is also said to be the place where Lord Sri Parashurama the dynamic avathara of Lord Sri Maha Vishnu, performed sacred rites to his Mother.

With so much of holiness associated with the Divine Mother, the place popularly came to be known as Mathru Gaya, the Siddhi Kshetram the place which has given Siddhi and Salvation [Moksha] to a Mother.  Lot of significance lies behind performing sacred rites exclusively to a Mother at this place. It is one of the holiest places in North Gujarat which is frequented most often by Hindus. As a part of getting discharged from Pitru Rina [that also includes Mathru Rina] it is incumbent on the part of every Hindu to perform Pitru Yagna. Apart from performing these sacred rituals to the departed souls at periodical intervals on a regular basis, performing them at certain specified places has acquired lot of significance in Pitru Yagna and is considered as highly meritorious. In the process of performing such sacred rites at prominent places we find people visiting places like Kasi, Gaya, Prayag, Rameswaram etc. and perform sacred rites to their forefathers that also include maternal spirits.

Siddhpur is the only place in India where Mathru-Shraaddha is performed exclusively. Generally lots of people visit this place during the Lunar month of Kartheeka Masam to perform Mathru ceremonies. These sacred rites are performed on the banks of Bindu Sarovara. Purohits or Priests are available at Bindu Sarovar and one can engage them according to their philosophy and faith for performing the sacred rites.

For the followers of Madhwa philosophy there is availability of Uttaradhi Mutt within the vicinity of Bindu Sarovar where good infrastructure facilities are available for stay [dormitories] and also for performance of rituals.

Route:

By Road Distances from Ahmadabad Siddhpur [115 km] – Patan [140 km] – Modhera [119 km] Mehsana [70 km].Distances from Siddhpur to nearby places Mehsana [45 km] – Unjha [30 km] – Patan [27 km]

Siddhpur is well connected by road from all important major town and cities of Gujarat. Regular bus services are available from Ahmadabad and Mehsana to Siddhpur. One can also reach Siddhpur by taxi/cab from Ahmadabad in about two hour journey.

By Rail Siddhpur is on the railway map of India on the Ahmadabad – New Delhi railway line connecting major cities and towns a journey of about 3 hours from Ahmadabad.

By Air Nearest airport is Ahmadabad 120 km from Siddhpur which is well connected by air with all the major cities in India.

Temple Timings:

6 am to 8 pm

Temple Telephone Number:

098258-79729 & 099139-77247

Temple Address:

Sri Mathru Gaya

Bindu Sarovar road

Teen Darvaza, Siddhpur

Gujarat State (India)

 [/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container]

Gujarat – Rukmini Dwaraka

Name of the Temple

Sri Rukmini Devi Temple

Period of origin

Before 1500 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Rukmini Devi

Sthalapuranam:

Rukmini Devi Temple is located 2 kms away from Dwarka City. This 2500 years old temple has a dome mandap together with a stepped sanctuary which is not much older than the 12th century. The outside of this temple is carved richly while has a panel of sculpted naratharas also called the human figures together with a panel of sculpted elephants which are placed at the base. The conventional spire of the major shrine compares strongly with the large hemispherical dome of this pavilion. Temple’s inner sanctum has a lower-level seat which has an image of Rukmini, who was the wife of Lord Krishna, which was consecrated. The general sculptures of assorted God, Goddesses, together with the male and female figures which can be visible on the exterior of this shrine.

Rukmini Devi Temple is also known as Rukshmani Devi Temple situated just outside the Dwarka City in the North direction near the road leading to Bet Dwarka, its construction is of 12th Centenary with beautiful carvings on pillars and the dome.

It is located on the banks of Bhagirathi River, the Mandir comprises of a beautiful marble deity of Devi Rukmini, with four hands or Chaturbhuja. These four hands hold Shanka, Chakra, Gada and Padma, which symbolic of her being reincarnation of Goddess Ma Lakshmi.

Rukmini was younger sister of Rukmi and daughter of King Bhishmaka of Vidharba , Rukmi was friend of Krishna’s uncle Kansa and never wanted his sister who was in love with  Krishna , while coming out of temple Rukmini spotted Krishna and fled with him on his chariot , Krishna won the war with Rukmi and  wanted to kill him but Rukmini prayed to forgive him and Krishna let him go after shaving his head . Krishna had 16108 wife and  made Rukmini Patrani (the chief queen), to celebrate their marriage they invited Sage Durvasa for a feast , Durvasa accepted the invitation on a condition to accompany them if Krishna and Rukmini will pull  his  chariot instead of bull or horses , on the way Rukmini felt thirsty and requested Krishna to fetch some water for her , Krishna hit the ground with his feet and Bhagirathi appeared at that place and escaping the eyes of Sage Durvasa , gave water to Rukmini to drink,  Durvasa saw this and got angry because he felt insulted being a guest he was to be fed first , he cursed that the Dwarka will not have sweet water , that the Krishna and Rukmini will not live together for 12 years . The Rukmini temple is built outside the Dwarka at a place where lord Krishan gave water to Rukmini and had separation due to the curse of Sage Durvasa, away from Dwarka’s Jagat Mandir. It is widely believed among the devotees that the pilgrimage is incomplete if a devotee doesn’t go to offer prayers at Rukmini Temple even if he worshiped the Lord at Dwarkadheesh temple.

Route:

Dwarka is on the state highway from Jamnagar to Dwarka. Direct buses available from Jamnagar and Ahmedabad.

Temple Timings:

6 am to 12pm and 3 pm to 7 pm

Temple Telephone Number:

+91- 9810506646

Temple Address:

Sri Rukmini Devi Temple

Dwaraka

Gujarat

Gujarat – Dakor Dwaraka

Name of the Temple

Shree Ranchhordraiji Temple

Period of origin

Before 1500 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Lord Krishna

Thayar: Rukmani

Sthalapuranam:

According to the Hindu belief, there are four eras namely the Sata Yuga, the Treta Yuga, the Dwapar Yuga and the Kaliyuga. Loard Krishna was born on Wednesday on the eighth day of Shravan Vada during Rohini constellation in the 863875th year of the Dwapar era that lasted for 864000 years and he lived for 125 years, one month and 5 days. With the demise of Lord Krishna, the Dwapar era came to the end and the Kaliyuga began. It is also believed mythically that in the Kaliyuga.

The tale of Bodana, a devotee of Lord Krishna, is famous among Hindu believers. It is said that pleased by the worship of Bodana, who used to offer Lord Krishna “Tulasiputra”, Lord Krishna came to Dakor on the 15th day of Karatak sud in samvat 1212 (1156 A.D.) from Dwaraka. On His way to Dakor from Dwaraka, Lord Krishna one day broke a branch of a bitter neem tree in the morning to brush his teeth on the edge of village Simalaj located just near Dakor. That particular branch of the neem tree has lost its bitterness ever since and turned into a sweet branch giving birth to the adage “Limadama ek dal meethee”. The neem tree exists even today near the temple of Bileshwar Mahadev on the way to Dakor from Umareth.

Myths also tell us that Gugali – Ambadi bhrahmins of Dwaraka made many attempts to bring the idol of Lord Krishna back to Dwaraka. It is said that these bhrahmins were offered gold equivalent to the weight of the idol of Lord Krishna by Bodana. Gangabai, wife of Bodana, put her nose-ring weighing one and a quarter val (a kind of pulse) on the scale and that lifted the idol of Lord Krishna on the other scale. The place where the idol of Lord Krishna was weighed still exists on the bank of Gomati lake.

The present temple in Dakor was built in 1772 A.D. It is a huge temple housing numerous artistic sculptures. Many years ago Bodana, a devotee of Lord Krishna lived in Dakor. He used to regularly go to Dwaraka on foot for the “Darshan” of Lord Krishna. As he grew old, he gradually started to loose his strength to walk and pleased by his devotion and worship, Lord Krishna came from Dhwaraka to Dakor to give Darshan to Bodana. By the fond insistence of Bodana, Lord Krishna stayed permanently at Dakor where he is famously known as Ranachhodrai. Thousands of devotees flock this place on the day of full moon every month with the chanting of “Jay Ranchhod” and offer flags to the temple. On the full moon day in the month of Fagun, a big fair of the pilgrimage is held in Dakor.

According to various Samhitas, this big and tallest Vaishnav temple of Lord Krishna in Kheda was constructed by Gopalrao Jaggnath Tambvekar of Tambve village of Satara district of Maharashtra in Vikram Samvat 1781.  The stone carving of this, in fact is today lying with Shri Bhalchandra Tambvekar of Tambvekar fimily.

According to historical facts, in 1769 when Shri Gopalrao Jaggnath Tambvekar, a Sharaf of Peshva Government, while going to Dwarka on foot. Got the natural instinct of having the real incarnation of Lord Ranchhodrai of Dwarka at Dakor during his stay at Vadodara.  He came at Dakor and offered darshan oft his state of Lord Ranchhodrai and build the temple after purchasing land in Dakor.  For maintenance  and daily expense of the temple the Peshva Government gave him Dakor and Gaikwad Government gave him Kanajari village as gift.

Route:

Situated on the bank of Gomati lake, Dakor is located at a distance of 95 kms from Ahmedabad, Gandhiangar – 125 kms, Vadodara – 104 kms, Ahmedabad – 95 kms. And Anand – 35 kms.

Temple Timings:

4:50 A.M.to 12 Noon,and 4.15 P.M. to 7.30 P.M

Temple Telephone Number:

0268 2550856, 0268 2556700, 0268 2552210,  9825049114

Temple Address:

Shree Ranchhordraiji Temple

Dakor,

Gujarat-388225