Mangadu – Sri Kamakshi Amman Temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Kamakshi Amman Temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Ambal:  kamakshi

Sthala Virksham: Mango

Sthalapuranam:

As per the legend, one day in Kailash, Parvathi Devi playfully closed the eyes of Lord Shiva from behind, with her palms. As a result of this, the whole universe was surrounded with darkness and all the living beings suffered. Lord Shiva became angry and the Goddess craved for his pardon. Lord Shiva guided her to the earth and asked her to perform a severe penance to join him again. As per the God’s instructions she came down to earth and reached this place of dense Mango grove called Maangaadu. (means ‘Mango forest’ in Thamizh)

She started her rigorous penance here in the standing posture on the Panchagni (Fire). She stood one legged on Panchagni with right leg folded. She was holding her right hand raised above her head holding the Japamala (Rudraksha). Even today we can see this Moorthi of Sri Tapas Kamakshi at Maangaadu. This Panchagni Sadhana is not an easy task. This Panchagni penance is performed to kill five evils which dominate people and lead to misery. The five evils are Kama (Desire), Krodha (Anger), Lobha (Greed), Madha (Ego) & Maacharya (Attachment). If one wins over all these five they can attain the supreme bliss.

Lord Shiva, who was happy with her penance, came down to earth to marry her. He gave dharshan to her in Maangaadu and married her at Kanchipuram, where even today they both bless the devotees at Ekambareswarar Temple. There is a temple for Lord Shiva where he came down to meet her. This temple is Velleeswarar Temple located nearby Kamakshi Amman Temple.

Also there is another temple for Lord Vishnu (Vaikunda Perumal temple) in Mangadu. It is said that Lord Vishnu, being the brother of Goddess Parvati came for the wedding with Kanayazhi (gem stone ring) for Parvati as his gift. The gift is still waiting here, as the wedding didn’t happen at Mangadu.

Even after Goddess left the place, the power of the Agni didn’t subside, out of which the whole place in and around Maangaadu suffered with unbearable heat and the Ugram of the Goddess. Sri Aadhi Sankaracharya, during his visit here, installed an Ardhameru Sri Chakra and brought down the heat and ugram of the place. This Sri Chakra is a rare of its kind in the country and not seen anywhere else.

Even today, no abhishekams are performed to the Sri Chakra as it contains rare herbs. Only Kumkuma Archana is performed that too only to the Sri Chakra and not the idol, as the powers of Sri Kamakshi Amman has been instilled in the Chakra by Sri Aadhi Sankaracharya. The idol Sri Aadhi Kamakshiamman made of Panchaloha (5 metals) was installed by Sri Kanchi Paramacharya Swami in the later years.

Six weeks worships are very popular here. The devotee who has some prarthana or wish can choose any one day of the week and to visit the temple along with 2 lemons, of which one will be retained at the temple and the other one has to be taken back home.

Again the following week, on the same day, he or she has to carry the old lemon from home along with 2 other fresh lemons. Like wise, if one visits on the same day for six weeks continuously, the Ambaal grants the wishes of the devotee.

The temple celebrates many festivals as 10 day Chithirai festival in April-May with a sea of devotees seeking the grace of Mother Kamakshi. Other festivals include Tamil and English New Year days, Pongal falling almost on January 14, Navarathri in September-October, Masi Magam and Shivrathri in February-March. Devotee crowd is ever huge on every festival day.

Route:

Maangaadu is just 24 kms from Chennai city and is located off the Chennai Bangalore highway on the way from Poonamallee to Kunrathur.

Temple Timings:

6.00 a.m. to 1.30 p.m. and from 3.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m. On Sundays, Tuesdays and Fridays, the temple is open from morning till night continuously.

Temple Telephone Number:

+91- 44 – 2627 2053, 2649 5883.

Temple Address:

Sri Kamakshi Amman Devasthanam,

Mangadu,

Chennai – 602101.

Tiruverkadu – Sri Devi Karumariamman temple

Sri Devi Karumariamman temple

Period of origin

Before 1500 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Devi Karumariamman

Sthala Theertham: Velayudha theertham

Sthala Virksham:Karuvela tree

Sthalapuranam:

As per legends, One day Devikarumari took the image of old nomadic lady and went to Sun to forecast his future. Without realising her as Devikarumari, He simply neglected her. Devikarumari immediately vanished. Sun has lost it’s brightness and its glory started declining. Realising his mistake He begged Devikarumari to forgive and excuse him. Sun also requested Devikarumari to celebrate Sunday as the day of Devikarumari. Devikarumari also accepted it.He also got permission from Her to pour on her sun rays twice in a year in the month of Panguni and Purattasi. So Sunday is celebrated as the day of Karumari . We can happily witness the scene of sun rays falling on the head of Devikarumari twice in a year. Devikarumari made Narayanan Seat there.Once upon a time Lord Thirumal came to Thiruverkadu to witness the grace rule of Umadevi. When Thirumal personally met his sister Karumari, she requested him “to seat there as Srinivasan of Thirumurai and assist Her and bless the devotees who worship Navagraham and stand towards southern direction”. He was happy and promised Her, that He would sit by her side and protect the position of Nine planets. Veda Viyasar was extremely happy to see Annai Parasakthi and Lord Venkatesan together.

An another legends goes this way,There was an ant-hill in this place long ago.  People were worshipping this as Mother Ambica.  Mother appeared in the dream of a devotee and asked him to build a temple for Her in that spot.  When people demolished the ant-hill, they found Ambica as a swayambu and built the temple here.  As She was not in the womb of a Mother, she is praised as one not from the womb (Karuvil Illadha Karumari).  There is also an Ambica idol behind the presiding deity as Mahakali with fire, sword, skull, trident and a drum called Damarukam.  Kumkum archana is performed to Ambica in the evening between 4.30 p.m. and 6.00 p.m. called Pradosha time.

There are also peacock, serpent, and lion vehicles of the Gods.  This lamp is ever burning.  It is believed that worshipping Ambica and this lamp would keep their families wealthy.  The flag post-kodimaram is in front of Ambica shrine.  Festivals begin in Ambica temples with Kappu Kattu (announcing the beginning of festival) ceremony.  Here, festivals begin by hoisting the flag.  Ash of cow dung is offered as Prasad in the temple.  We have seen Lord Vinayaka in temple with His tusk in the right hand and Modhaga-the sweet pudding ball- in the left.  Here, He blesses the devotees with the right hand and keeps the left assuring them – Abhaya hastha.  This is a different style.  It is said those worshipping Mother Devi Karumariamman should worship in this shrine too.

The sage had to come to south to balance the earth as went down due to the heavy weight of a huge gathering of Sages when the wedding of Shiva-Parvathi took place there.  Lord Shiva granted the wedding darshan to the Sage here.  Also, the shrine of Mother Verkanni who granted darshan to the sage is here.

Procession Ambica graces from the corridor-prakara sitting on a moving plank called Unjal.  In front of the temple, Lord Vinayaka graces sitting under the Peepal tree called Arasamaram in Tamil.  Mother Ambica looks young on Her Lion vehicle.  On the new moon day, a yaga is performed with red chillies.  There are shrines for Navagrahas the nine planets, Lord Muruga with His consorts Valli and Deivanai, Srinivasa-Padmavathi and Sri Anjaneya.  On Vaikasi Visakam festival in May-June, Lord Srinivasa graces darshan on Garuda with Mother Padmavathi.  There are also shrines of Lord Dakshinamurthy, Angala Parameswari, Uchishta Ganapathi, Gayatri, Mahalakshmi, Rajarajeswari, Savithri, and Mother Durga.

Aipasi Annabishek is performed to Mother Devi Karumariamman in October-November. Aadi Festival in July-August is very famous. Maximum duration of festivals goes up to 15 days. Rarely in some Shakti temples, festivals run upto 48 days also. In this temple, the festival that begins in the month of Aadi (July-August) continues for 12 weeks ending with Purattasi month-September-October. On Sundays, abishek is performed with 108 pots of milk followed by procession. On the 9th Sunday, Mother Devi Karumariamman is taken in procession in a palanquin decorated with flowers. On Masi Magam day in February-March, Amman is taken to Bay of Bengal for sea bath. Other festivals include Thai Brahmmotsavam in January-February, Chitra Poornima in April-May, Vaikasi Visakam in May-June, big festivals in Aadi (July-August) Navarathri in September-October, Skanda Sashti in October-November and Panguni Uthiram in March-April.

Route:

Tiruverkadu is 12 km from Chennai Koyambedu on the Poonamallee Road. Bus facilities are available from all points in the city.

Temple Timings:

05.30 am To 12.00 pm   04.30 pm To 09.00 pm

Temple Telephone Number:

+91-44-2680 0430, 2680 0487, 2680 1686.

Temple Address:

Sri Devi Karumariamman Temple,

Tiruverkadu,

Tiruvallur Dist.

 

Tiruverkadu – Sri Vedapureeswarar Temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Vedapureeswarar Temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Vedapureeswarar

Ambal: Balambikai

Sthala Theertham: Veda theertham

Sthala Virksham:Vilvam

Devaram: Tirugnana Sambandar.

Sthalapuranam:

As per legends to witness the Wedding of Mother Parvathi with Shiva, due to their total weight, the ground went below causing the rising of the south.  Lord Shiva asked Sage Agasthya to go to south to balance the ground level.  For the sake of the safety of all, Sage Agasthya had to sacrifice the great opportunity of joining the divine celebrations.  Lord Shiva assured the sage that he would grant the wedding darshan to him on his way to south.  When Sage Agasthya reached Tiruverkadu, Lord granted darshan with Mother Parvathi.   When he came here to worship Lord Shiva here, his mother Ranukadevi also accompanied the son.  That Renuka temple is now the famous Karu Mariamman temple in Tiruverkadu.  Lord Shiva wanted to create the world after it was destroyed by the great floods-pralaya-tsunami.  He ordered the four Vedas-Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharvana to become Velvela trees.  These trees are the sacred trees of the temple.  Hence the place is named Verkadu-jungle of vela trees with the auspicious prefix Tiru – Tiruverkadu.

 People believe that continuous bathing in the sacred spring on Sundays would cure them of any skin problems.  The temple was built by a Chola king.  Lord Shiva once told Mother Parvathi that any one thinking of this holy place, stay here for a while or even pass through this place would be awarded with  total salvation to the devotee.

He got it back with the grace of Lord Shiva of this temple.  Along with Lord Vishnu, Adisesha also worshipped Lord here and promised that He would not bite any one living within the boundaries of this place.  Since that day, no death had occurred in this place due to snake bite.  Hence, the place has the name Vidam Theenda Pathy – place where no snake bite occurs.

Sages Athiri, Parasara, Brugu, Kuchara, Angirasa, Vasishta, Gautama, Kashyapa, Dindi, Mundi, Valakilliar Viradagni and others had worshipped Lord Shiva in this temple.  Pandava brothers, Emperor Shibi Chola, Vana, nine planets and deities of the 8 directions – Ashtadhik Balakas had worshipped here.  Lord Muruga is praised in the Tirupugazh hymns of Saint Arunagiriar.

He resolutely followed the principle of taking his food only after feeding Shiva devotees.  He was unable to stick to the dharma, he used his gambling skill and made money.  When the losers refused to pay him the dues, he used violence to recover the money and continued the habit with the proceeds.  As he behaved brutally with the losers, he was named Moorka Nayanar-violent Nayanar.  He was cleansed by Lord as the intention of Nayanar was high.  There is a shrine for Moorka Nayanar in the outer corridor of the temple.  A festival dedicated to Nayanar is celebrated on the Kruthika star day in Karthikai-November-December-month.

Maha Shivrathri in February-March; Navarathri in September-October; Margazhi Tiruvadhirai in December-January and Panguni Uthiram in March-April are the festivals celebrated in the temple.

Route:

Tiruverkadu is 10 km far from Chennai Koyambedu on the Poonamalle high road.

Temple Timings:

Temple Telephone Number:

+91- 44-2627 2430, 2627 2487,99400 54455,91765 39026,93808 02626

Temple Address:

Sri Vedapureeswarar Temple,

Tiruverkadu-600 077,

Kancheepuram district