Tirumala -Tirupathi  – Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple

Period of origin

Before 3000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar:  Venkatachalapathy

Thayar: Alarmelmangai thaayar

Pushkarani: Papavinasa Theertham, Aksha Ganga theertham

Vimanam: Aananda Nilaya Vimaanam

Mangalaashaasanam: Perialwar , Andal , Thruppaan alwar, Kulasekaralwar, Thirumazhisaialwar ,Poigaialwar, Boothathalwar, Peialwar, Nammalwar, Thirumangaialwar.

Sthalapuranam:

Emperumaan, Sriman Narayanan is found as “Eazhumalayaan” stands in this temple all alone in Nindra thirukkolam and is giving the seva to lots and lots of Bhaktas. After the world has been created, Trethayugham, Dwaparayugam and Krithayugam all went and in all these yugam, as stated by Sriman Narayanan in Mahabharatham, he took Avathaar in some form to establish Dharmam and fought and destroyed “Adharmam” or evil. After all these Yugams finished, Kali yugam started from hem all sorts of Evil things started to spread along throughout the world. Great Emporers lost their Empire and lots of Yogis and rishis were killed and their wives were captured by Arakkas (Demon). At that Kaliyugam, a wild demon by named “kali” emerged in this yugam who made the earth loose its beauty and spread various evil aspects in the midst of the human minds. In Kaliyugam, person who has money and body strength are respected and all the good things like human relationship, guru and his students relation, cheating others for money and lots of sinful action were performed. Lord Brahma was so scared on seeing the Earth in this manner. Finally he thought, the right person to cure this is Sriman Narayanan and if his divine thiruvadi (feet) is touched on the lands of earth, it might regain its lost beauty and if atleast a drop of his blood is shed on earth, the earth become pure and thereby all evil things might diminish. He said this to Narada Maharishi and he should take of this. All the Maharishis had a meeting that a very big Yaagam must be done and how much amount credit should be given to which god? Naradar told that it should be given to one among the 3 moorthies who stands as the structure of Dharma and Sathyam and he should be capable of withstanding all sorts of Adharmams. Finally, he ends by saying that Brighu Maharishi is the right person who can do this in finding among the 3 Moorthies who is person with the said Characters.

First, he went straight to Siva logam where Lord Shiva and Parasakthi are found closed to each other. It is one of the Universal truth that the union of Shivan and Sakthi is said to be the way made for the Dharmam to come all its way. But, since Brighu Maharishi was so angry that his presence was not being noticed, and gave him the Sabham that on the earth, Lord Shivan would be done pooja only in the form of Lingam but not in the form of Statues (or) Vigrahams (Idols). This is the only reason that Shiva Lingams are found in all Shiva temples but not Idols, After this, Brighu Maharishi went to Brahma devan’s Sathya logam. There also he was not greeted properly not he was not noticed. It was him, Brahma devan who asked Narada Maharishi for this to happen but it is fate that all this should happen. After being not noticed by Brahma and Saraswathi, Brighu Maharishi got angry on him and like the same way, as he gave Sabham for Shivan, he gave Brahma devan a sabham that there should be no temple for Brahma in the Bhoologam and after this he went straight to Vaikundam. After entering into Vaikundam, he saw Sriman Narayanan sleeping in Aadhiseshan. He could not be so calm since he was not greeted and taken care properly by Brahma devan and as a result he had given them the Sabham. As a result, he burst out like Volcano and went straight towards Sriman Narayanan and kicked him on his Thirumaarbhu (divine chest). After being kicked, Sriman Narayanan woke up and asked Brighu Maharishi to sit and did Padha pooja for him. Brighu Maharishi is a person who has an eye on his feet. Because of this he was so angry and the perumal plucked the eye from his feet and as a result he lost all of his anger and finally thought that all of the Yoga credit must be given to Sriman Narayanan and came to the Yoga place. As we can notice, it was Brahma devan that who started the process of finding to whom the yaga credit should be given but finally he was given the sabham that he should not be worshiped in the earth. Its all a written one and it is fate that these are the things that should happen. But, as Brighu Maharishi kicked the thirumaarbhu (divine chest) of Sriman Narayanan, Lakshmi piratti left him from Sri Vaikundam and came towards the earth. Because of this, Sri Vaikundam, the Moksham lost its grace and brightness and all of these are said to be only because of Kaliyugam. After being alone in Vaikundam, Sri Vishnu could not be in Vaikundam and came towards the Bhoologam in search of Sri Mahalakshmi. Aadhiseshan turned as the mountain of Tirumala and the perumal roamed all along the earth without knowing what to do. He forgot all of his duties and he lost his conscious and sat like a person without having food, water and anything else. On seeing this, Brahma devan and Shivaperuman came down towards the Bhoologam as a cow and calf and were finally handed over towards the Chozha king. Once an cowherd person took the cow and the calf for making them to eat. But in the land, the cow (Brahma devan) and the calf (Shiva peruman) went towards the putru (a small mountain surrounded by sand), where Sri Vishnu was found. The cow and the calf went towards the putru and gave Sriman Narayanan the milk. This happened daily. But the cowherd could not understand why this particular cow is not giving milk while the other do. so, finally he made up in his mind that he should follow the cow and the calf and whats the reason for not giving milk. The next day he took all the cows for the grass to the plains but his eyes was watching only the cow (Brahma) thats not giving milk daily. As a daily practice, the spiritual cow went towards the Putru and gave all of the milk inside it, where Sriman Narayanan is found.

On seeing this, the cowherd went to the Chozha and told the reason why the cow is not yielding milk. Then, the king sent some of his soldiers and asked them to destroy the Putru. On that time, the cow asusual went towards the Putru and gave milk. But at the same time, the cowherd tried to hit the cow with his axe and because of this, he threw the axe towards the cow. But, to help the cow, the perumal came out from the Putru and held the axe in his head. The axe directly struck the forehead of the perumal and made a deep cut and as a result, the blood came out and finally it fell on the earth and thus, finally the earth was freed from all sorts of evil activities thats being done by Kalki. As the Emperumaan divine feet was stamped on the Bhoologam, it got its purity and the perumal gave his seva first to the cowherd inspite of throwing the axe on him and made wound on him. But, as said by the perumal in Bagavath Gita, “Do your duties, without expecting the return”. As said by the perumal, the cowherd did the right duty of stopping the cow which gave the milk to the perumal. He didnt expected anything. Its his duty to take the cow out and get the milk from them. As a result, he was the first person to get the dharshan of the perumal. Varaghar and Sri Srinivasar: After coming out from the Putru, the perumal went towards Sri Varagha moorthy who helped out Bhoomipiratti from Hiranyatshakan, when the perumal took the Avathar as “Sri Varaghar”. The perumal asked for some place to stay in the hill. As Varaghar could easily feel that the perumal is feeling the absence of Lakshmi piratti, he offered the perumal some land on the hill and he asked for a varam. It is that every bhaktas should worship Varagha swamy first then only they should worship the Sri Srinivasa perumal. If they worship him directly with praying Varagha moorthy, the perumal should not give his blessing nor take their offerings. The perumal accepted it and promised him that the Prasadham and his darshan will be offered first to Varagha moorthy and then only it would be offered to the perumal in Tirupathi. Thus, the perumal got the place to stay on and this hill is the Venkatachala hill (Tirumala). Varagha moorthy also sent Vakula maligai along with the perumal to help him out in the house. Vakula maligai is none other than Yasodha the mother of Sri Krishnan in Sri Krishna Avathaar. During that avathaar, the perumal had promised her that in Kali Yugam that she will be given his seva and she will be seeing the perumal in Kalyana Vaibhavam, as Kalyana Moorthy.

The outer entrance of the temple is called as “Mugha Dwaram” (entrance) and it is about 11 feet in width. Entering through this, we can see the Ranganayakikula mandapam, which is found on the left hand side. Next to it is the Pradhama mandapam is found. On the North side of the Pradhama mandapam, a statue of Krishnadevarayar is found who is said to be a great Shiva bhaktan. He came to this Tirumala divyadesam in 16th century for about 7 times. On the left side of Pradhama Mandapam, a big hall is found where Kalyana utsavam for the Perumal is done in a very grand manner. A small sannadhi for Sri Ranganathar is found and it is said that during the war of the Mughals on Sri Rangam, this Vigraham (Idol) was taken from Sri Rangam and kept here in this sannadhi and proper poojas done for the perumal. Next to this, is the Thirumalai Raja Mandapam is found. In this mandapam, there are three statues of Lala Khamanan, the Thodarmalla, his mother and his wife are found. As we have seen that two types of Pradhakshanams are said to be done in this temple, one can see the Sri Varadharajar sannadhi as we cross the inner Gopuram. Next to Varadharajar sannadhi is the Madapalli. (Kitchen of the temple) is found. There are called as “Poturooms” and the Neivedhya prasadhams are prepared inside these rooms. The incharge of the kitchen is none other than Sri Vakula maligai the mother of the perumal. An idol is also found in the entrance of the Kitchen and because of this, she is called as “Madapalli Naachiyaar”.

To the front of Madapalli, a well called as Bangarubavi (Golden well) and the water from this well is taken for cooking the prasadham, and for Thirumanjanam (spiritual bath given for the perumal). After doing the Pradhakshanam, one can see the sannadhi of Sri Ramanujar, the Vaishnavite Aacharyan. In this sannadhi, theertham and Satari are offered for the bhaktas. There is no sannadhi for any Aacharyaas for any of the Alwars only sannadhi for the great Vaishnavite, Sri Ramanujar is found. On the side of Sri Ramanujar sannadhi, a sannadhi for Yoga Narasimhar swamy is found. He is giving his seva in Yoga position holding Sangu and Chakkaram on his hands which is lifted upwards. And after worshipping all these, we will come across Thirumaamani mandapam, where ‘Garudan’ is found. There is a small vimaanam found on top of Garudalwar Sannadhi. To the west of Thirumaamani Mandapam, the Bangaru Vakili (the golden entrance) is found. And two Dwara Balagaas, jayan and Vijayan are found on the either side of the entrance. A custom by named “Thiruppaavadai” is done here during which large quantity of cooked rice are spread in this mandapam and Bhoga Srinivasamurthi is brought to this custom to accept it. After crossing the Bangaru Vakili, we can enter into a mandapam by named Snapana mandapam. This mandapam is also called as “Thiruvilam Koil”, where Bhoga Srinivasa murthi is found. After crossing the Snapana Mandapam, we can find Ramar medai where statues of Hanuman, Angadhan and sugreev are found and to opposite of this medai, statues of Anantham, Garudan and Vishwa karma made of Panchalokam are found. From Ramar medai, one can enter the Sayana mandapam, where the perumal is put to sleep in night (Ekantha seva). Behind the Sayana Mandapa is the Garbhagriham. (the moolavar sannadhi).

The Moolavar of this divyadesam is said to be Swayambhu (originated on its own but not sculpted by humans). The Moolavar, Sri Venkatachalapathy is found in Nindra thirukkolam on the petals of the Lotus. One can see and admire the beauty the Diamond Kireetam on the head of the perumal. On seeing his face to a closer look, we can see the smiling face of the perumal. His chin is covered with the Pachchai Karpooram and for the perumal, 4 hands are found. The upper two arms holds the Sangu and the Chakkaram. The lower right hand is in Varadha hasta pose which is said to the pose where the perumal holds his hand with his palm facing the bhaktas and all of the fingers are pointed towards downwards (towards his divine feet). And his lower left hand is said to be in “Katya Valambitha”pose where the fingers of the hand rest on the left thing of the perumal. Sri Lakshmi piratti is found on the right side of the Moolavar’s chest in sitting position. And on his left chest is Padmavathi thaayar is found. The perumal is worn with lots of precious ornaments on his arms, he is worn with a kind of ornament which is like the Aadhiseshan on his both the hands. He is also worn the Garland of Salagramam and his divine thiruvadi (Feet) is found on the Lotus flower.

Next to Moolavar is Bhoga Srinivasa Murthi is found who is similar as the Moolavar but the difference is the Sangu and the Chakkaram can’t be removed (its fixed) and gives his seva as “Sangu Chakkra thaari”. It is said that he is the perumal who accepts all the dedications made by bhaktas and gives the varam.

In front of Moolavar is Ugraha Srinivasar is found who is also named as “Venkata Thuraivar” and the Vigraham represents that he is in the angry mood. Due to an fire accident, he is used only on 3 occasions (ie) during Uttanna Ekadesi, Mukkoti Dwadesi and Dwadasa Aradhana. It is said that the rays of the sun should not touch the idol as it might bring harm to the world. Because of this before the sun rises, he is brought back to the Garbagriham.

The Utsavar is called as “Malai Kuniya Nindran Perumal”. He is also found in Nindra kolam and he is worn with lots of precious ornaments like diamonds and gold. Along his sides are Sridevi and Bhoodevi are found.On special days and on Utsavams like Kalyana Utsavam, Brahmotsavam, Teppa Utsavam, the Utsavar is decorated with a diamond ornament named as “Vajrangi” and a pearl ornament known as “Muthangi” next to ugra Narasimhar is Kolur Srinivasar is found. He is also named as “Dharbar Srinivasar”. He is brought up to the Thirumaamani mandapam and the perumal’s Kaanikkai are spread infront of him and are counted and finally the collection amount is said infront of him.

Next is 4 idols of Sri Ramar, Seetha devi, lakshmana and sugreevan are found. Next to them is Chakarattalwar (Sudarsana chakkaram) is found who is taken out before the utsavar taken out for Veedhi Purappaadu (Perumal is taken out through the streets). On Ratha Saptami, Chakkrattalwar is taken to Swammi Pushkarani and spiritual bath is given to him. One can see the beautiful and white Vimaanam, which is known as “Aananda Nilaya Vimaanam”. This Tirupathi temple is about 400 feet in length and 250 feet width. There are two gopurams found to this perumal. One is the outer Gopuram and another is Inner Gopuram. For two Gopurams, there are two Pragharams. The worship done in between the two pragharams is referred to as “Sampangi Pradhakshanam”. The worship in between inner pragharam and Garbhagriham is referred to as “Vimana Pradhakshanam”

The temple is opened all of the day but closed only for some hours of time. This implies how the perumal is giving his seva to his bhaktas. In the morning, Suprabhadha dharshan is done, during which the Bhoga Srinivasar murthi is taken from the sayana mandapam to Garbagriham. Mangala Harathi and a mixture of cow’s milk, butter and sugar are mixed as offered to the perumal and this is given as Prasadham to the Bhaktas. Sahasranama Archanai is done during which the Thriunamam (names) of the perumal is said. On Thursday a special pooja by name “Poolangi seva” is done. During this, the perumal is seen only in a dhoti and a uthriyam, without mere ornament and an garland. It is one of the special seva that all bhaktas should see. Next on Friday, Arjitha seva is done Brahmotsavam and Ratha Sapthami are the grand utsavams done for the perumal. The Brahmotsavam is also known as “Purattasi month Utsavam” and it is done during September and October.

During Brahmotsavam, the perumal (Utsava murthi) gives his seva on Various Vahanams. On the nights of the utsavam, he is found on Hamsa Vahanam, Peddha Vahanam, Muthyapupandri Vahanam, Sarva Bhoopala Vahanam, Garuda Vahanam, GajaVahanam, Chandraprabai Vahanam, Ashwa Vahanam. Likewise on the day, he is found on sesha Vahanam, Simha Vahanam, kalpavriksham Vahanam, Mohini Avathara Vahanam, Hanumantha Vahanam, Surya Prabhai Vahanam are done. Garuda seva on the fifth day of the Brahmotsavam is one among the special Vahanam during which the special and precious Makara Kandigai is worn for the Utsava murthi. On the 11th day, Theerthavari is done for the perumal is Swami Pushkarani. Theerthavari means the perumal is taken to the Swami Pushkarani and dipped in the theertham (ie) he is given bath in that pushkarani and after that all the bhaktas take bath there and finally all their sins are made vanished.

Route:

Tirupati is connected by road to all major towns and cities in South India. Direct buses to Tirupati are available from almost all major towns of Andhra Pradesh. APSRTC buses run from all the important places in the state and between Tirupati.

Tirupati is connected by rail with Hyderabad, Vijayawada, via Gudur and Madras via Renigunta and Coimbatore, Bangalore, Cochin via Arkonam, Tiruchi.

There are daily direct train services to Tirupati :
From Hyderabad – Rayalaseema Express, Venkatadri Express, Krishna Express, Narayanathri Express;
From Madras – Saptagiri Express, Tirupati Express;
From Visakhapatnam – Tirumala Express.

Temple Timings:

3.30 am to 3 am

Temple Telephone Number:

+91-877-223 3333, 227 7777

Temple Address:

Tirumala Tirupathi Devasthanam

Tirupathi

Cithoor Dst

Andhra Pradesh

Thiru Vellakkulam (Thirunangur) – Sri Annan Perumal Temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Kannan Narayanan, Annan Perumal

Thayar:  Alarmelmangai

Pushkarani: Thiru Vellakulam.

Vimanam: Thathuva Yodhaga Vimaanam.

Mangalaashaasanam: Thirumangaialwar

Sthalapuranam:

King Swethan, the son of Thundu maran of the Surya dyansty. Fearing early death he sought the help of “Maruthuva Maharishi”, the son of Lord Surya the sun god. He instructed swethan to chant the “Mrithyunjaya Manthiram” by sitting under the Tree vilvam which was on the south bank of the pushkarani. Lord Narayanan presented himself before the king and blessed him with a long life. This Kshetram is known as South Tirupathi. All the offering in due to the Thiruvenkadamudayan of Tirupathi can be offered here too.

At Thiruvinnagar, Lord Oppiliappan blesses along with godess Bhoodevi as an equivalent form of Lord varahaswamy and Bhoodevi as Tirumala Tirupathi. Also as an equivalent form of Lord Srinivasa and Padmavathi Thaayar, the Lord blesses us as Thiruvellakulam as Lord Srinivasa and Padmavathi. As for the above stated reasons, both the Kshetrams are considered in equivalent with Tirumala Tirupathi. Lord Srinivasa at Vellakulam has the qualities of Lord Rama and Lord Krishna. As lord Rama is the elder brother – Annan of Lord Krishna. So Lord Srinivasa bears the name Annan here. As he saved the king Swethan from the death fear he shows himself as Varadharajan. So as the perumal stands as form representing all the yugams the Vimaanam too has a hint of this act as Thathuva Yodhaga Vimaanam.

The perumal thus has the names of elder and younger brother namely “Annan” and “Kannan”. Hence this temple is known as Annan Kovil. Also it is to be noted that the perumal is also called as Narayanan. Thus this name acts as a bridge between the similarity of Sri Rama and Venkata Krishna – Thiruvenkadamudayan for both of them were in search of their wives Seetha devi and Godess Padmavathi respectively. Vellam means flood and kulam means pond. Both the terms represent water only. As like Annan Kovil, this place has got another name “Thiru Vellakulam” from the above similarity. It can also take that Lord Rama, Balarama and Aadhi Vishnu are all of white colour. Lord Krishna is of Blue colour the colour of water in ponds and tanks. Taking Vellam as Vellai White colour it can also be said that the name Vellakulam was got by the above reason.

It is noteworthy that Thirumangai Azhwar chose the word Anna to call the Lord only in two temples and this is one. The other is Tirupathi Thirumala, now in Andhra Pradesh. Since the Azhwar called this Perumal as Anna first, he has become the Anna (elder Brother) for the Tirupathy Lord also. The name Annan Perumal for the Thirunangoor Lord is derived from this Story, according to tradition. It is also noteworthy that as in Tirupathy, the names of the Lord here too is Srinivasan and have the Mother Alarmelmangai. Thirumangai Azhwar describes Thirunangoor as the Vaikunda (heaven) on earth.

Devotees celebrate their 60th, 70th and 80th birthdays here. Devotees also offer Thulabaram (offering any articles such plantain fruits etc., equal to the weight of the devotee). According to tradition, the women from the celestial world used to come down to Thirunangoor to gather the Kumudam flowers from the tank here. Kumudavalli, one among them lost her power to go back to her place as the vision of a man fell on her.

Hearing the news, Neelan, an army commander wanted to marry her. Kumudavalli dictated a number of conditions to Neelan to marry him. Neelan executed all her wishes. At last, Kumudavalli asked him to feed the Vaishnava devotees. The Lord was pleased with the good deeds of Neelan, gave him Darshan and elevated him to the status of Azhwar. Since Neelan thus became a Vishnu devotee through a Mangai (woman), he became to be known as Thirumangai Azhwar. Kumudavalli Nachiar also is housed in this temple separately.

As in Tirupathi Thirumala, Brahmmotsavam is celebrated in the temple during Purattasi (September-October). Summer festival is observed in Vaikasi (May-June) and the Lord’s wedding festival is celebrated on the last Friday in the month of Adi (July-August).

Route:

This temple lies in Thirunaangur of Tanjore district in Tamil Nadu. It’s about 7 miles away from Seerkazhi and is near to Thirunaangur. Transport facilities are not provided.

Temple Timings:

The temple is open from 7.00 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. continuously.

Temple Telephone Number:

+91- 4364 – 266 534.

Temple Address:

Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple,

Tiruvellakulam

Tirunangoor-609 106,

Nagapattinam district.

Vanamamali  – Sri Thothadri Nathan temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Thothadri Nathan temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Totadrinaathan, Deivanathan

Thayar: Sireevaramangaittaayaar, Varamangai Thayar

Pushkarani: Indra Theertham

Vimanam: Nandavartana Vimanam

Mangalaashaasanam: Nammalwar

Sthalapuranam:

The place came to be known as Naguneri meaning surrounded by four lakes.  This is one of the 108 Divya Desas of Perumal.  This is the only temple where Perumal graces with His royal attire in Durbar with Mothers Sridevi and Bhoodevi.   One of Lord’s hands point to His feet and the other on His lap as an assurance that the devotee surrendering at His feet will have a place on His lap.  Perumal also holds the Prayoga Chakra.  Those worshipping the Chakra will have no enemies at all in life.

It is said that the procession idol of Mother was originally in Tirupathi.  Devotees in Tirupati were to offer Varamangadevi to Sri Venkateswara in Tirupati.  Perumal appeared in the dream of Jeer Swamigal and said that Varamangadevi was meant to Lord Vanamamalai in Nanguneri, therefore taken to this place.  The headquarters of Vanamamalai Jeer, one among the Ashtathik Gajas – Eight pontiffs of Vaishnava order – by saint Manavala Mamunigal is here.  The Sadari placed on the devotees as blessing of Lord, has the image of Nammazhwar-Sadagopan.

When Lord Vishnu destroyed the demons, Madhu and Kaidaba, the bad odour from their body spread polluting the whole earth.  Mother Earth lost Her natural purity. She came to this place for cleansing.  Lord appeared before Bhoomadevi (Earth) and said, “pollution set on you is washed off” according to history of the place-sthala purana. When Lord Vishnu destroyed the demons, Madhu and Kaidaba, the bad odour from their body spread polluting the whole earth.  Mother Earth lost Her natural purity. She came to this place for cleansing.  Lord appeared before Bhoomadevi (Earth) and said, “pollution set on you is washed off” according to history of the place-sthala purana.

While traditionally temples have only one swayambumurthy, this is one with 11 Swayambumurthis – Lord Thothadri Nathar in the sanctum sanctorum, Mother Sridevi and Bhoodevi, Sun, Moon, Maharshis Brugu and Markandeya, dancers of the celestial world Uruvasi and Thilothama. Of the 8 Vishnu Swayambumurthis, the one in Badrinath in north is covered by fog for six months. Here, the Lord is available for the devotees throughout the year. Gingelly oil abishek is performed to Lord Thotadrinathar throughout the year.

Chithirai Brahmmotsavam in April-May and the second in Panguni (March-April) are the two festivals of importance in the temples besides festivals related to Lord Vishnu. This grand temple has two prakarams ornamented with the Pandal Mandapam, Jayanti Mandapam, Srivilli Mandapam, Kulasekhara Mandapam and the Veerappa Mandapam. An imposing 7 tiered rajagopuram adorns its  entrance. There are also shrines to Varamangai Taayaar, Andal, Lakshmi Narayanar, Lakshmi Varahar and Venugopalar. The oil used in ablution ceremonies here is considered to be of medicinal value.

Route:

Tirunelveli to Nagarcoil pass through Nanguneri. The temple is conspicuously located at the centre of the town.

Temple Timings:

7.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m.

Temple Telephone Number:

+91- 4635-250 119

Temple Address:

Sri Thothadrinathar Temple,

Nanguneri -627 108,

Tirunelveli district.

Thiruvananthapuram – Sri Anantha Padmanabha Perumal Temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Anantha Padmanabha Perumal Temple

Period of origin

Before 3000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Anantha Padmanabhan

Thayar: Sri Hari Lakshmi

Pushkarani: Mathsya Theertham, Padma Theertham, Varaha Theertham.

Vimanam: Hema Kooda Vimaanam

Mangalaashaasanam: Nammalwar

Sthalapuranam:

The Moolavar, Anantha Padmanabhar who is found in Kidantha (Palli Kondulla) kolam is said to be one of the speciality of this sthalam. A Shiva Lingam is found close to the Thirumugham of the Moolavar, which explains to the world that both Hari and Haran are not two different and separate Gods, but they are a Single and should be worshipped as one. The Moolavar of this Thiruvanandhapura Kshetram is Sri Anantha Padmanabhaswamy. Moolavar is found in Kidantha (sleeping) kolam in Bhujangha Sayanam and facing his thirumugham along the Eastern direction. He gave his Prathyaksham for Indiran, Chandiran (the moon god) and Ekadesai Ruthraas.

In this sthalam, the Perumal, Sri Padmanabha Swamy, who is also called as “Thamarai Manaalan”, is found in Kidantha thirukkolam in Sayana position, sleeping on top of Aadhiseshan, who is also referred to as “Ananthan”. Since the Perumal is found in Sayana postion on Ananthan, the Perumal is called as “Anantha Padmanabha Swamy” and the Kshtram is referred to as “Thiru Ananthapuram”.

The Anantha Padmanabha Perumal is found in Sayana Kolam and since the Perumal is too big is structure, we can get the Dharshan of the Perumal in a single way. We can onl ysee him in 3 Vaayils (entrance).

Through the First Vaasal, we can see the Thirumugham (Face) of the Perumal.

Through the First Vaasal, the Thiru Unndhi (stomach part) can be seen and

Through the Final, Third Vaasal, we can see the Thiruvadi (feet) of the Perumal found in the Garbhagraham.

The entire world is Governed and Protected by Emperumaan, Sriman Narayanan. The Indira Lokam (or) otherwise called as “Swargham” is ruled by Indiran and Varunan, the rain god is one of the important person who belong to the Indra Lokam. The rain God, Varunan is necessary for giving the rain to this entire world and thereby making the land fertile and rich in its wealth. Similarly, Indiran is necessary for making all the Grahans (the planets) to revolve and as a result of its revolvement, he should calculate the days count and thereby making the people live and make them happy. Likewise, Ekadasa Rudrars, who are the hamsam of Lord Shivan, the Rudran. All these 3 persons (ie) Indiran, Varunan and Ekadasa Rudrars are given the sabham of doing some wrong things at certain stages.

All these 3 persons are given the Sabha Vimocchanam (getting out from the sabham) by the Anantha Padmanabha Perumal of this sthalam who can be seen through 3 vaasals and each vaasal explaining the 3 stages (ie) the birth, the leading of life and the final stage, the death. We know that the Dharshan of the Perumal can be seen separately in 3 different Vaasals. Let us now get into details why the Perumal is giving his seva in this kind. The lifetime of a Person is segregatted into 3 different stages (ie) First is the birth; Second is the time where the life progresses and Final third stage is the death.

Through the First vaasal, we can get the Dharshan of the Perumal’s Thirumugham. The Perumal, through his divine eyes, which is referred to as the “Thaamarai Kangal” (eyes that is referred to Lotus Flower) is seeing all the lifes of the Jeevathmaas and thereby making them to survive and lead their lifetime. Through the Second vaasal, we can see the “Thiru Unndhi” which is otherwise called as the lowerpart of the stomach. This place is said to be originated place of Lord Brahma devan, who is responsible for giving birth to the Jeevathmaas.

In the Third vaasal, we can see the Thiruvadi (feet) of the Perumal, which is the final place where all of the Jeevathmaas merge towards Paramathma. The Thiruvadi of the Perumal is said to be the safest and the pure place, where all the pure rivers originates. How, all the small rivers join (or) merge towards the ocean, all the Jeevaraasi merge towards Thiruvadi (or) Thirupaadham of the Emperumaan, Sriman Narayanan. Periya pirattiyaar, with the name of Kadal Magal Naachiyaar who is found in Thiruppaarkadal in Veetrirundha thriukkolam along with Anantha Padmanabha Perumal is found in this sthalam.

Once, there was a saint by named “Divakara yogi”, who wanted to get the Mukthi (the ultimate destiny, the moksha) and to attain it, he did the pooja to Saligramam (a precious and Valuable spritiual stone) in this sthalam. At that time, the Perumal came there like a two years old child and took the Saligramam along with him and ran away from that place. On seeing this action of the child, the saint got angry and chased him to get the Saligramam. And finally, the small child went into the big hole of a tree and after going inside the tree, the tree fell down and the Perumal gave his sayana seva as Anantha Padmanabha Swamy. He gave the seva for which the saint, Divakara yogi was doing the daily pooja. This is one of the historic story said about this sthalam. This story which is said about this sthalam has a closer resemblance with the Perumal, who is found in Thirukkannankudi in Chozha Naadu. Likewise in this sthalam, the Perumal who came like a small child who took the Saligramam resembled like a small kid and ate the Perumal who is made of the white butter which doesnt melt. The Perumal who is made of butter, is the Perumal who is done with daily poojas by Vashistar. Finally along with other Maharishis, they caught the small kid, who then gave his seva as “Damodharan” and that Perumal is also named as “Siyamala Meni Perumal”, in Nindra Thirukkolam.

To explain more on this, a Hanuman Sannadhi is found in front of Yoga Narasimhar sannadhi in this temple. Here, the Special kolam, the Vennai Kaappu kolam for Hanumar is done and it is said that this butter doesnt melt even in hot days. Separate sannadhis for Yoga Narasimhar, Hanuman, Lakshmi Varaghar, Sri Krishnar and Sri Srinivasar are found and are said to be most powerful gods with lots of powers.

Route:

This Temple is found 3/4 miles away from the Thiruvananthapuram Central Railway Station. Lots of bus and train facilities are available

Temple Timings:

4.15 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.

Temple Telephone Number:

+91-471-245 0233

Temple Address:

Sri Anantha Padmanabha Perumal Temple,

Thiruvananthapuram-695 001,

Kerala state.

Ayodhya – Sri Ramachandra moorthy Perumal temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Ramachandra moorthy Perumal temple

Period of origin

Before 3000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Sri Ramachandra moorthy Perumal

Thayar: Sita devi

Pushkarani: Nageswara theertham , Paramapadha Pushkarani, Sarayu River

Vimanam: Pushkala Vimaanam.

Mangalaashaasanam: Kulasekhara Azhwar, Tirumangai Azhwar and Thondaradipodi Azhwar

Sthalapuranam:

The Moolavar of Ayodhya is Sri Ramar. He is also called with the names “Chakravarthy Thirumagan”, facing his thirumugham towards North direction. Prathyaksham for Bharadhan, all Devars and Maharishis. The Great epic, Ramayana is said to start and ended in this sthalam. The avathaar of Sri Ramar explains how an ordinary human should be and it explains the Sathya path which leads him to the final mukthi.

This Divyadesam is said to be one among the 7 Mukthi Kshetrams. These 7 mukthi sthalam represents different part of the body of Sriman Narayanan. Avanthi is represented as the divine feet, Thiruvadi of the perumal, Kachipuram, represents the waist, Thirudwaraka represents the Nabhi (the lower stomach), Maya represents the Thiru maarbhu (the chest) Madhura represents the neck, Kasi represents the nose and finally, this Ayodhya Kshetram represents the Head of the perumal. Thats the reason it is said to be one of the most important among the 7 Mukthi kshetram.

Sri Ramar by killing Ravanan explains to the world that all the life led and its destiny ends only through ones character. Sri Ramar led his life by thinking of only one life parter, Seetha Piratti, his wife along with his bow (vil). He followed his previous generationed member and followed their words. Thus, the Rama avathaar explains about one word, one bow and one wife and all the characters are found inside Sri Ramar. When Emperumaan took the human avathaar, as Sri Ramar, Periya piratti came as his wife as Seetha piratti, the Aadhiseshan as his brother, Lakshmanan and perumal’s sangu and chakkaram took their birth as “Bharadhan and Sathrukkanan. Hanuman born as the hamsam of Sivaperumaan. This Avathaar of Sriman Narayanan as “Sri Ramar”, shows the best and excellent characters of all human and explains how all must be. By giving the entire Raajyam (empire) of Ayodhi to Bharathar as asked by Kaikeyi he gave the entire Raajyam and left out from Ayodhi to a forest. This character shows the obiedience for Kaikeyi, inspite of she doing harm by making him to go to the forest.

By helping Sukreevan and Vibheeshanan, Sri Ramar explains about the great friendship character and finally, the mercy and love showed towards Sri Hanuman is the ultimate character of Sri Ramar. This Ayodhya sthalam is siad to be the birth place of Sri Ramar and he got Mukthi (Paramapadham) only from this Ayodhya sthalams and it is said to be the final place where the Rama avathaar ended.

Brahmadevan did a strong tapas towards Sriman Narayanan. The perumal gave his prathyaksham for Brahma and both of them hugged together. On seeing the great bhakti of Brahmadevan, Sriman Narayanan is so emotionally attracted towards him and his (perumal) eyes started to swell tears. But Brahma devan doesnt want the tears to let down it into the earth and he collected all of his tears in the Kamandalam (a small vessel which all the Rishis have). Using his power, Brahma devan created a pushkarani and all the drops of tears was mixed into the pushkarani. And that is called the Maanasasaras in the Himalayas. Since, the theertham is created along with the tears drops of perumal and the Manasika power (created from his heart fulfilled) of Brahma devar, this theertham is so called as “Maanasasaras”.

When Itsuraku was ruling Ayodhya he said his plea that if a river flows in his empire he would feel happy to Vasishta Maharishi. Vasishta Maharishi went towards Brahma devan in Sathya loka and along with the help of him, he made to flow the Maanasasaras to flow near his city . Since, Maansasaras was made to flow in Ayodhi, it is called as “Sarayu Nadhi”. Since, this river flowed as the step taken by Vasistar, this theertham is also called as “Vasistai”. This river is said to be the body of a women and said that it talked to Sri Ramar and Dasarathar because of this, the river is also called as “Rama Gangai”. It is said that earlier Ayodhya had 2700 temple of Sri Ramar near the South shore of Sarayu Nadhi.

Swayavambhuvamanu, who was the first son of Brahma devan, met in Sathya lokam and asked him which is the place he need to start the task of creation. Brahma along with his son, went towards Sriman Narayanan in Sri Vaikuntam. Through Brahma devan, Sriman Narayanan hands over the middle portion of Sri Vaikuntam which is said to be the Ayodhi Raajyam. This explains that all the wealth of Grand father belongs to Grand son (ie) since Brahma devan emerged from the Naabhi of Sri Mahavishnu he is considered to be his son and Swayavambhuvamanu is considered as the grandson of Mahavishnu.

Sri Ramar had two sons namely Lavan and Kusa. One day, Kusa was having a bath in Sarayu river who was very much attracted by his beauty by Kumudavathi, a princess of Naga Lokam. she wanted to marry him and because of this, she caught hold of Kusa’s hands but she could not stop him. After reaching the palace, kusa found his ornaments (bangle) was missing. He thought it might have fallen in Sarayu river and to taken out the bangle from the river he dried up the river using his astram. The Naga princes got frightened of the astram and returned the bangle and falled to the feet of Kusa. Kusa explained the bangle was so important since it was given by Vasistar to Sri Ramar, his father. And finally, Kusa let the river to flow once again. Because of this, the theertham is called as “Nageswara theertham”.

Route:

Those desirous of going to Ayodhya, should reach Lucknow. Ayodhya is 130 km from Lucknow. Ram temple is in Faizabad district. There are bus and rail link to Faizabad from Lucknow. Ayodhya is 8 km from Faizabad.

Temple Timings:

10.00 am. to 5.00 p.m.

Temple Telephone Number:

+91-9415039760, +91-9580717014

Temple Address:

Sri Rama Temple,

Ayodhya,

Uttar Pradesh.

Thiruvanparisaram – Sri Kuralappa Perumal Temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Kuralappa Perumal Temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Thirukkuralappan, Thiruvazhmarban.

Thayar:  Kamalavalli Nachiyaar

Pushkarani: Lakshmi Theertham

Vimanam: Indra Kalyana Vimanam

Mangalaashaasanam: Nammazhwar

Sthalapuranam:

The Moolavar of this sthalam is Thirukkuralappan. He is also named as “Thiruvaazh maarbhan”. Moolavar in Veetrirundha (sitting) thirukkolam facing his thirumugham towards East direction. Prathyaksham for Vindhai, Kaari, Udaya Nangai and Garudan. The Kshetra is the birthplace of Udaya Nangai (mother of Nammazhwar).

During the 18 day Kurukshetra Bharata battle, the wheel of Karna’s chariot was stuck in the ground.  While Karna was engaged to lift the wheel leaving his weapons in the chariot, Arjuna took the opportunity and killed him.  Though Arjuna acted successfully, the guilt of killing one when unarmed troubled his mind and he could not excuse himself.  What more troubled him was the thought that he, noted for his law abiding nature should not have committed a disgraceful sin.

Every Pandava established a temple during their journey in Kerala.  Arjuna established this temple, performed penance on Perumal and was rewarded with the Darshan of Lord in the form of Parthasarathy.  It is here he hid his weapons in the Vanni tree, according to scriptures.  Arjuna thus got himself cleansed of his sins with the grace of Lord Perumal. Lord Tirukuralappan graces in a standing form facing east.  The vimana-tower above the sanctum sanctorum- is called Vamana Vimanam.  Sage Veda Vyasa and Lord Brahmma had the darshan of the Lord.  Once, two demons Madhu and Kaidaba snatched the Vedas from Brahmma who sought the grace of Lord Perumal to recover them.  Perumal destroyed the demons and recovered the Vedas.  Brahmma performed penance here on Perumal as a token of his gratitude to Lord.

It is here Arjuna hid his weapons in the Vanni tree during Pandava’s life incognito. The nuts falling from this Vanni tree is heaped around the flag post of the temple and sold to devotees. Aaraattu Vizha is celebrated grandly on the Tiruvonam star day in Thai month (January-February) in the temple.

Route:

Buses from Chenganur to Pathanamthitta running via Aramula stop at Vanjipadi. The devotee can reach the temple from Vanjipadi. Chenganur is connected by bus with all districts of Kerala.

Temple Timings:

4.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.

Temple Telephone Number:

+91- 468 – 221 2170.

Temple Address:

Sri Kuralappa Perumal Temple

Aramula

Pathanamthitta,

Kerala.

Thiruppulingudi ( Nava Tirupathi)Sri Kaaichina Vendha Perumal Temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Sri Kaaichina Vendhan

Thayar: Malar magal Naachiyaar and Poomagal Naachiyaar.

Pushkarani: Varuna Niruthi Theertham

Vimanam: Vedachara Vimaanam.

Mangalaashaasanam: Nammalwar

Sthalapuranam:

The Moolavar of this temple is Sri Kaaichina Vendhan. Moolavar in Kidantha kolam in Bhujanga sayanam facing east direction. Prathyaksham for Varunan, Nirruthi, Dharmarajan and Narar.  Naachiyaars – Malar magal Naachiyaar and Poomagal Naachiyaar. One more small utsava naachiyaar named “Pulingudu Valli” is also found.

Vashista Maharishi’s sons and popularly known as Saptha Rishis gave their sabham to Yagnasharma, who was a well knowledge Demon, finally got his sabha vimochan being touched by the Thiruvadi of Lord of this sthalam. Once, Devendran – Indiran did not give the proper respect to Devaguru Bruhaspathi, because of this he doesn’t want to see Indiran and disappeared suddenly as suggested by Brahma DEvan by keeping Vicchuvaruna as the Guru who is the son of Sukran (Thuvatta) to do yaagam.

Despite doing the Yaagam to strengthen the power of Devas, his mind was thinking that the power of Arakkas (Demon) should grow. Vicchuvaruna is a person who has 3 heads. Since he was basically a follower of Arakkas, his mind actually did the yaagam only to raise the power of Devas.By knowing this (i.e. mouth speaking one thing and his mind doing the opposite to it) through his Gnana Eye, Devendran Indiran using his Vajrayudh, cut the heads of Vicchuvaruna. His three heads changed into Eagle, Vulture and crow and was thrown into the air and at that time, he caught up with Brahmagathi Dhosham. To get him out of it, all the other Devas gave land, water, women and trees to clear the dhosham, but it was not cleared and finally only in this sthalam, this dhosham was cleared.

Generally Lord is said to be the whole structure of silence and soft. But at times, he himself change so arrogant to eradicate the evil from this world and because of this, this sthala perumal is also named as “Kaaichina Vendhan”.

Sriman Narayanan’s general character is soft and calm and Lord Shiva’s general character is angry. But, in this sthalam, sriman Narayanan is showing the Character of Lord Shiva, which explains to the world that both of them are the same and should be treated as the same.
Generally, the king who is ruling the country should not get angry at any particular time. But, if anything against the people of the country, he should get angry against the enemy to kill (or) punish them. Like the same, Sriman Narayanan here in this sthalam explains about the anger and gives his seva as “Kaaichina Vendhan” in Bhujanga sayanamand to get out from the curse of Yagnasharma given by the sons of vasishtar and the Brahmagathi dhosham.

From the Thiru Vayairu (Stomach) of the Kaaichina Vendhapperumal, is through the Lotus plants bark, Lord Brahma is attached who is found on the wall of Garbhagraham. We can see only one of the Thiruppaadham (Feet) of Emperumaan. To see the both feets, we can see it through a small hole, which is found on the outer pragharam.

Route:

This sthalam is situated in Tirunelveli district in Tamil Nadu and 3/4 miles away from Varagunamangai. It is one of Alwaars Navatirupathi.

Temple Timings:

9.00 to 12.00 noon and from 1.00 pm to 6.00 pm

Temple Telephone Number:

+91 4630 256 476

Temple Address:

Sri Kaaichina Vendha Perumal Temple

Tirupuliangudi,

Thoothukudi district.

Tirukovilur- Sri Thiruvikrama Perumal

Name of the Temple

Sri Thiruvikrama Perumal temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Trivikramar

Thayar: Poongoval Nachiar

Pushkarani: Pennai River, Krishna and Sri Chakra Theertham

Vimanam: Chakkra Vimanam

Mangalaashaasanam: Poigai Azhwar, Bhoodhathazwar, Peyazhwar and Tirumangai Azhwar

Sthalapuranam:

Emperor Mahabali, though good natured, ever helpful to those in need, had a desire that none should exceed him in status and fame.  To realize this aim, he conducted a great yajna headed by his Guru Shukracharya.  Lord thought to bring down his pride.  He took the form of dwarf, came to the Yajna field and sought three foot steps of land (three steps by His foot) as dhan (charity).  Guru Shukracharge sensed some mischief in the dwarf and understood that the visitor was none other than Lord Vishnu.  He vehemently warned Mahabali and did his best to prevent his promise. Mahabali did not relent.  He was only keen to keep up his word to dwarf and offered His wish.  Lord took His Vishwarupa, measured the earth by one foot step and the Akasha by the second step and there was no place for the third step and asked Mahabali for the third.  Mahabali gracefully accepted his inability and offered his head for the third.  Lord placed his head on Mahabali and demanded that he solemnize the dhan with water from his right hand.  Mahabali took the water bowl to confirm his promise but Shuracharya took the form of a bee and blocked the hole of the bowl from releasing the water.  Lord Vishnu took a grass piece, put it on the bowl hole that blinded the Guru.  Mahabali was pressed by the Lord to the Padala Loka and taken later with Him, goes the story.

Any devotee who would indeed like to read and enjoy this Vamanavathara-Trivikrama story of Lord, should read Sriman Narayaneeyam by Narayana Pattadri and Srimad Bhagavatha by Sage Veda Vyasa.  They will have to close the book only unwillingly. The object of Lord in His Vamanavatara-Trivikrama Avatara was to teach that wealth of even great kings should not land them pride and arrogance.  He took the Vishwarupa, measured the space with His right Leg and the Earth with the right.  He stood too tall touching both earth and sky.  In His extreme delight to bless Emperor Mahabali, the illustrious grandson of Prahladha who was instrumental for His Narasimha Avtar, Lord appears here with the conch in the right hand and the discus in the left-vice-versa.  This is described as His teaching wisdom to devotees.  His posture-left leg on the earth and the right in the sky-appears as if He is asking where to place His foot for the third foot of land due from Mahabali as promised to Him.   Lord Brahmma is worshipping the foot in the sky. This is a very popular story of Lord Vishnu as a Vamana seeking three foot step land from Mahabali, which he could not afford as Lord had covered both earth and sky with two feet itself leaving no space for the third.

Sage Mrigandu wanted to have this Vishwarupa Darshan of Lord and approached Lord Brahmma for His advice.  Brahmma suggested that the sage go to Krishna Kshetra (now Tirukovilur) on the banks of Krishnabadra River to realize his wish. The sage along with his wife Mitravathi came to this place and performed severe penance for the darshan of Lord. Lord came to their abode in the guise of an old Brahmin and begged for food.  They didn’t have even a single grain of rice to offer.  The sage turned to his wife. Mitravathi went in, took a bowl in hand and prayed to Lord Narayana to fill the bowl with food if she was the chaste wife of the sage.  The bowl was full of delicious food.  Pleased with their penance, Perumal granted His Vishwarupa darshan to the sage couple.

This is the holy place where the first three Azhwars-Poigai Azhwar, Boodhathazhwar and Peyazhwar- met together incidentally by the grace of Lord.  It was night raining heavily.  Poigai Azhwar sought a place in the Ashram of Sage Mrigandu.  He was shown a place to rest down.  After a little while, Boodhathazwar came to the same place for a space.  The first Ahwar shared the space just sufficient for two to sit. The third Azhwar-Peyahwar too came there.  The two shared the space with him sufficient only for standing.  Suddenly, they were pressed due to the presence of a fourth comer who was but Perumal Himself granting His darshan. The songs sung by the three Azhwars how they were blessed with darshan of Lord as lighting a lamp to dispense the rainy darkness, is chanted even now by the devotees while lighting lamps in their houses in mornings and evenings.

The Three Azhwars attained salvation in this holy land.  Lord Perumal is praised as Ulagu Alanda Perumal-Ulagalanda Perumal as He sought a small piece of land measuring just three feet.  The idol is made of wood in a standing posture, the tallest in the country.  Against the tradition, Perumal is holding the conch in the right hand and the discus in the left.  Of the 108 Divya Desas of Perumal, this is the only temple with Swayambu Vishnu Durga.  This is an important kshetra for the Vishnavas and Hindus in general in the Nadu Nadu region.  The tower of the temple is third tallest in the state scaling 192 feet.  Shukracharya, (Venus in the zodiac sign) Guru of the Asuras, has a place in the temple.

It is noteworthy that the holy scriptures Nalayira Divya Prabandam containing 4000 verses in praise of Lord Vishnu sung by 12 Alzhwars from time to time at various places, began from Tirukovilur. It is mostly in Shiva temples, we see Mother Vishnu Durga in the prakaras. In Tirukovilur temple, Lord and His beloved Sister Durga (Maya the feminine form of Lord Vishnu) are in shrines nearby to each other.  Tirumangai Azhwar who generally praises Lord alone in his hymns had made a devotional line to Mother Durga in one of his verses.  People pray to Mother Vishnu Durga during Rahu Kalams on Tuesdays and Fridays for relief from the adverse aspects of planets. There is a 40 feet tall Garuda Pillar with a small temple built on it opposite Perumal shrine.  It is believed that Garuda Bhagwan is worshipping Lord from this temple.

Of the Pancha Krishna Sthalas – Five great temples of Lord Krishna- 1)Tirukovilur, 2) Tirukannapuram, 3) Tirukannangudi, 4) Tirukannamangai and 5) Kabisthalam, Tirukovilur is the first.  Lord Krishhna in this temple, made of Salagrama stone, graces the devotees from a shrine on the right side of the Gopuram entrance.  The devotees must begin the worship from this shrine and pass to the presiding Perumal only then.  Great Vaishnava Acharya Manavala Mamunigal also had rendered many hymns in praise of Lord Perumal. According to scriptures and Tamil literatures. Sage Parasurama and Sage Agasthya had performed penance at Tirukovilur.  The puranic age Krishnabadra River is flowing now in the name of Thenpennai.  Before butter (Vennai in Tamil) melts, Pennai (the name of the river) melts, is an old saying.

Lord Trivikrama Perumal graces the devotees from the sanctum under the Sri Chakra Vimana.  Lord Venugopala plays the Kshetra Balaka role.  There are shrines in the prakara for Lords Venugopala, Lakshmi Narayana, Lakshmi Raghava, Lakshmi Narasimha, Sri Rama and Sri Veera Anjaneya, Mother Sri Andal and Shukracharya, the Guru of Asuras. The tower of the temple is the third tallest in the state, the first at Sri Rangam, the second at Srivilliputhur.  This is a 11 tier 192 feet tall tower.  The temple area covers 5 acres.  Even after crossing the main tower, there are residential parts.  The place is praised as Nadu Nadu Tirupathi.  There is a temple for Lord Vamana Murthy in Tirukakarai in Kerala.  Vamanamurthi graces here from behind the presiding deity.

15 day Panguni Brahmmotsavam in March-April with Sri Pushpavalli Thayar Oonjal on Friday drawing huge crowd and Masi Magam in February-March, Lord visiting Cuddalore carried on the shoulders of devotees are the main festivals of the temple. Other festivals are Purattasi Pavithra Utsav and Navarathri in September-October; Chithirai Sri Rama Navami, Sri Ramanuja Jayanthi and Vasanth Utsav in April-May; Vaikasi Visaka Garuda Seva, Nammazhwar Sattrumurai in May-June; Aani Periazhwar Sattrumurai in June-July; Aadi Thiruvadipooram, Andal Utsav in July-August; Avani Sri Jayanthi, Uriyadi utsav in August-September; Aipasi Mudalazwar Sattrumurai, 10 day Sri Manavala Mamunigal utsav in October-November; Karthikai Kaisika Ekadasi; Tirukarthikai in November-December; Margazhi Rapathu, Pagal Pathu, Vaikunda Ekadasi in December-January. Besides the above, important days as Pongal-Makar Snkranti, Deepavali, Tamil and English New Year days are also observed with special pujas to Lord Trivikrama.

Route:

Tirukovilur is on the Panruti-Vellore route. Bus facility is available from Villupurm. The place is 75 km from Cuddalore, 36 km Villupuram, 36 km from Tiruvannamalai and 40 km from Kallakurichi.

Temple Timings:

6.30 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.

Temple Telephone Number:

+91- 94862 79990

Temple Address:

Sri Trivikrama Perumal Temple,

Tirukovilur-605 757

Villupuram district.

Koviladi – Sri Appakudathan temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Appakudathan temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Appakudathan, Appala Ranganathar

Thayar: Indiradevi, Kamalavalli

Pushkarani: Indhira Theertham

Vimanam: Indhira Vimanam

Mangalaashaasanam: Periazhwar, Tirumazhisai Azhwar and Tirumangai Azhwar

Sthalapuranam:

According to the sthala purnam, one of the the Pandyan Kings Uparisaravasar while hunting a rogue elephant by mistake killed a Brahmin performing tapas on the banks of the river and got affected with Brahmahathi Dhosham ( A Sin of Killing a Brahmin ). Repenting for his act, the king renounced his throne and wandered around, finally reaching Thirupper Nagar. One day Lord Siva appeared before the king and asked him to worship Lord Vishnu here in this kshetram to get rid of the Brahmahatthi Dhosham. There upon the king built a temple for Lord Vishnu and each day after worship offered food together with Appam, and Payasam to the Brahmins. One fine day Lord came to king’s place disguised as a Brahmin. He told the king that he is hungry and needed food. The king was surprised but he requested the Brahmin to wait till the other Brahmins also assembled. But Lord Vishnu in the form of a Brahmin conveyed to the king that he is too hungry and cannot wait. There upon, the king agreed to serve Him food. But to the surprise of the king the Brahmin ate all the food, and wanted some more. The king requested him to take rest and went in to cook some more. At that time Markandeya Rishi, who was informed by Siva to seek refuge in Lord Vishnu for longevity of life, was directed to the King’s place to worship Lord Vishnu taking rest as an old Brahmin.

Accordingly the Markandeya Rishi went to the king’s house where he saw the old Brahmin lying on the couch holding an appa kudam in one hand. Markandeya approached the Brahmin and bowed 100 times. Lord Vishnu regaining his original form lifted his hand from the appa kudam and blessed Markandeya with longevity of life. He also blessed the king to get rid of his brahmahathi dhosham. We find the moolavar in HIS Reclining Posture Holding Appakudam and Blessing Markandeya. Since Markandeya got his longevity of life the tank in this shetram is called Mruthyu Vinasini Theertham. This is the only Divyadesam Appam is being offered as Naivethyam.

Nammazhvaar sang the last of his Paasurams about Appaala Rangan before attaining Moksham. The only Divyadesam where Appam is the Naivethyam. Koviladi Appakudathaan Ranganathar Temple is one of the 7 temples referred by Thirumazhisai Azhavaar of Lord Vishnu in Reclining Posture ( Anantha Sayanam ) the other temples areSrirangam, Thiru Kudanthai (Kumbakonam), Anbil (Vadivazhagiya Nambi), Thiru Vallur, ThiruVekkaand Thiru Paarkadal. Moolavar is worshipped as Appa Kudathan in Reclining Posture facing West and Utsavar is also in the same name as Appala Rangan. Thayaris worshipped as Indira Devi and Kamalavalli. Koviladi is sung by Periyaazhwar with 33 Pasurams, Thirumangai Azhwar,Thirumazhisai Azhwar and Nammaazhwar, who attained moksham here and his last compositions were about this place and Lord Appankudathan.

Ekadashi means eleven. Ekam means one and Dasham means ten. There are two Ekadashis every month, the Suklabaksha and Krishnabaksha Ekadashis, comes on the 11th day from the Full Moon as well New Moon Days. Both the Ekadasis are equally important and have no difference at all. When the Lord created this material world, he also created a personality named Papa Asura, who is the reason for sinful activities so that to punish the sinful human beings. In order to control the Papa Asura, Yama Dharma came into existence, who will in turn send the sinful to his hellish world and punish according to the level of the sins made. But the Lord felt very sorry when the human beings suffer in the hell. In order to save them he created Ekadashi, manifestation of his own form. Hence Ekadashi is considered the Supreme of all the Vradhas and became the Utmost Pious of Activity. Once Ekadashi existed, most Humans followed and the sinful activities decreased drastically. Papa Asura became annoyed once Ekadashi existed, most Humans followed and the sinful activities decreased drastically. Papa Asura became annoyed and begged the Lord to save him stating that because of Ekadasi he became destroyed.  Being Papa Asura also his creation, in order to save him the Lord asked him to stay in the Grains on the day of Ekadasi. Hence on the day of Ekadashi complete fasting should be followed.  For those who cannot follow the complete fasting can take one food a lunch or dinner with No Food Grains should be taken.

Route:

This Divya shetram, also know as Thirupper Nagar is located very near to Trichy and is about 5 kms from Thiru Anbil Divyadesamand approximately round 25 kms from Trichy

Temple Timings:

8.30 a.m. and 12.00 a.m. and from 4.30 p.m. and 8.00 p.m

Temple Telephone Number:

+91- 4362 – 281 488, 281 460, 281 304

Temple Address:

Sri Appakudathan Temple,

Koviladi (Tirupair)-613 105,

Thanjavur district

Anbil – Sri Sundararaja Perumal temple

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Name of the Temple

Sri Sundararaja Perumal temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Sundararaja Perumal

Thayar: Azhagia Valli

Pushkarani: Manduka

Vimanam: Thaaraga Vimanam

Mangalaashaasanam: Thirumazhisai Alwar

Sthalapuranam:

The Moolavar of this Sthalam is Vadivazhagiya Nambi..Moolavar in Kidantha Kolam and in Bhujanga sayanam and facing East direction. Andal is seen in a sitting posture here. This is considered as a prarthana sthalam for unmarried women. It is believed that prayers to Andal at this temple will result in them finding the bridegroom. To find salvation from Brahmma’s curse, Shiva went on a pilgrimage begging for food, with Brahmma’s skull as the begging vessel. Every time someone filled the vessel with food, Shiva found to his horror that it vanished immediately. At Uthamar Koil, Goddess Lakshmi filled the vessel with food, thus ending Shiva’s hunger. However, to Shiva’s dismay, Brahmma’s skull still lay fixed on his hand. Shiva is said to have visited this place from Uthamar Koil before going to Kandiyur where he finally got salvation.

This Anbil Sthalam is closely related to great creators. This whole world was created by Lord Brahma and Valmiki Maharishi is great Saint (Muni) and has lots of good thoughts built-in. Both these two persons are very good examples of creating good things and dedicating it to this mighty world. Based on the Kalyana gunam (Character) and Thiru Vadivam (shape) of Sriman Narayanan, they created good things and presented to the world. Behind this good creation, is the love (or) Anbu in Tamil on God. So, this sthalam is called as “Anbil”. To all the creative people, all the things they see looks good and beautiful. Like the same way, the God here is Vadivazhagiya Nambi and Thaayar is Azhagiyavalli Naachiyar showing Shundhara – Sorobha Dharshanam. Sundaram means “beautiful” and “good looking” and Soroobham means the body. Since, the Perumal and Thaayar are said to look good and beautiful, it is said the beauty of them attracts all of His Devotees.

“Anbae Kadavul, Anbae Azhaghu, Anbae Ulagam, Anbae Gnyanam and Anbae Padaippu”This is quote told here and the explanation is “God is love, Beauty is Love, Love is the world, Love is the Gnayanam and Love is the creator. And all these beautiful issues indicates how beauty the Perumal is. Once when Manduga Maharishi was in penance under water. Saint Dhuruvaasar waited for him on the water shore long time. Since Saint Mandugar has not turned up, Saint Dhuruvaasar cursed him to become frog. So Saint Mandugar came to this place and did penance on Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu appeared before him and whipped off the curse given Saint Dhurvaasar and Saint Mandugar regained his form. So this place was previously called as “Mandugaa (frog) puri”. The pond here is also called as “Manduga Theertham”.

Once when Thirumezhisai Alwar came here, he was teased to a great extent by the people. He taught of teaching them a lesson and sung a song on Lord Vishnu to appear on him and make the people know that he is Lord Vishnu’s ardent devotee, and Lord Vishnu came out of Thirumezhisai Alwar and appeared here as “Vadhivazhagiya Nambi” to make Thirumezhisai Alwar to teach them a lesson. Sundara Raja Chozhan, the father of Raja Raja Chozhan had stayed here for a night before going for a battle. He laid his weapons before the Lord and sought his blessings. Emerging victorious, he is said to have come back here and built the temple in its current form.

Route:

This divya desam is situated 8 Kms away from Vizhupuram Guard line. It is situatedon the North shore (Vadakarai) of collidam river.

Temple Timings:

7 am to 12 pm and 4 pm and 8 pm

Temple Telephone Number:

+91- 431 – 6590 672.

Temple Address:

Sri Sundararaja Perumal Temple,

Tiru Anbil-621 702.

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