Name of the Temple
Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple
Period of origin
Before 3000 years
Name of deity
Thayar: Alarmelmangai thaayar
Pushkarani: Papavinasa Theertham, Aksha Ganga theertham
Vimanam: Aananda Nilaya Vimaanam
Mangalaashaasanam: Perialwar , Andal , Thruppaan alwar, Kulasekaralwar, Thirumazhisaialwar ,Poigaialwar, Boothathalwar, Peialwar, Nammalwar, Thirumangaialwar.
Emperumaan, Sriman Narayanan is found as “Eazhumalayaan” stands in this temple all alone in Nindra thirukkolam and is giving the seva to lots and lots of Bhaktas. After the world has been created, Trethayugham, Dwaparayugam and Krithayugam all went and in all these yugam, as stated by Sriman Narayanan in Mahabharatham, he took Avathaar in some form to establish Dharmam and fought and destroyed “Adharmam” or evil. After all these Yugams finished, Kali yugam started from hem all sorts of Evil things started to spread along throughout the world. Great Emporers lost their Empire and lots of Yogis and rishis were killed and their wives were captured by Arakkas (Demon). At that Kaliyugam, a wild demon by named “kali” emerged in this yugam who made the earth loose its beauty and spread various evil aspects in the midst of the human minds. In Kaliyugam, person who has money and body strength are respected and all the good things like human relationship, guru and his students relation, cheating others for money and lots of sinful action were performed. Lord Brahma was so scared on seeing the Earth in this manner. Finally he thought, the right person to cure this is Sriman Narayanan and if his divine thiruvadi (feet) is touched on the lands of earth, it might regain its lost beauty and if atleast a drop of his blood is shed on earth, the earth become pure and thereby all evil things might diminish. He said this to Narada Maharishi and he should take of this. All the Maharishis had a meeting that a very big Yaagam must be done and how much amount credit should be given to which god? Naradar told that it should be given to one among the 3 moorthies who stands as the structure of Dharma and Sathyam and he should be capable of withstanding all sorts of Adharmams. Finally, he ends by saying that Brighu Maharishi is the right person who can do this in finding among the 3 Moorthies who is person with the said Characters.
First, he went straight to Siva logam where Lord Shiva and Parasakthi are found closed to each other. It is one of the Universal truth that the union of Shivan and Sakthi is said to be the way made for the Dharmam to come all its way. But, since Brighu Maharishi was so angry that his presence was not being noticed, and gave him the Sabham that on the earth, Lord Shivan would be done pooja only in the form of Lingam but not in the form of Statues (or) Vigrahams (Idols). This is the only reason that Shiva Lingams are found in all Shiva temples but not Idols, After this, Brighu Maharishi went to Brahma devan’s Sathya logam. There also he was not greeted properly not he was not noticed. It was him, Brahma devan who asked Narada Maharishi for this to happen but it is fate that all this should happen. After being not noticed by Brahma and Saraswathi, Brighu Maharishi got angry on him and like the same way, as he gave Sabham for Shivan, he gave Brahma devan a sabham that there should be no temple for Brahma in the Bhoologam and after this he went straight to Vaikundam. After entering into Vaikundam, he saw Sriman Narayanan sleeping in Aadhiseshan. He could not be so calm since he was not greeted and taken care properly by Brahma devan and as a result he had given them the Sabham. As a result, he burst out like Volcano and went straight towards Sriman Narayanan and kicked him on his Thirumaarbhu (divine chest). After being kicked, Sriman Narayanan woke up and asked Brighu Maharishi to sit and did Padha pooja for him. Brighu Maharishi is a person who has an eye on his feet. Because of this he was so angry and the perumal plucked the eye from his feet and as a result he lost all of his anger and finally thought that all of the Yoga credit must be given to Sriman Narayanan and came to the Yoga place. As we can notice, it was Brahma devan that who started the process of finding to whom the yaga credit should be given but finally he was given the sabham that he should not be worshiped in the earth. Its all a written one and it is fate that these are the things that should happen. But, as Brighu Maharishi kicked the thirumaarbhu (divine chest) of Sriman Narayanan, Lakshmi piratti left him from Sri Vaikundam and came towards the earth. Because of this, Sri Vaikundam, the Moksham lost its grace and brightness and all of these are said to be only because of Kaliyugam. After being alone in Vaikundam, Sri Vishnu could not be in Vaikundam and came towards the Bhoologam in search of Sri Mahalakshmi. Aadhiseshan turned as the mountain of Tirumala and the perumal roamed all along the earth without knowing what to do. He forgot all of his duties and he lost his conscious and sat like a person without having food, water and anything else. On seeing this, Brahma devan and Shivaperuman came down towards the Bhoologam as a cow and calf and were finally handed over towards the Chozha king. Once an cowherd person took the cow and the calf for making them to eat. But in the land, the cow (Brahma devan) and the calf (Shiva peruman) went towards the putru (a small mountain surrounded by sand), where Sri Vishnu was found. The cow and the calf went towards the putru and gave Sriman Narayanan the milk. This happened daily. But the cowherd could not understand why this particular cow is not giving milk while the other do. so, finally he made up in his mind that he should follow the cow and the calf and whats the reason for not giving milk. The next day he took all the cows for the grass to the plains but his eyes was watching only the cow (Brahma) thats not giving milk daily. As a daily practice, the spiritual cow went towards the Putru and gave all of the milk inside it, where Sriman Narayanan is found.
On seeing this, the cowherd went to the Chozha and told the reason why the cow is not yielding milk. Then, the king sent some of his soldiers and asked them to destroy the Putru. On that time, the cow asusual went towards the Putru and gave milk. But at the same time, the cowherd tried to hit the cow with his axe and because of this, he threw the axe towards the cow. But, to help the cow, the perumal came out from the Putru and held the axe in his head. The axe directly struck the forehead of the perumal and made a deep cut and as a result, the blood came out and finally it fell on the earth and thus, finally the earth was freed from all sorts of evil activities thats being done by Kalki. As the Emperumaan divine feet was stamped on the Bhoologam, it got its purity and the perumal gave his seva first to the cowherd inspite of throwing the axe on him and made wound on him. But, as said by the perumal in Bagavath Gita, “Do your duties, without expecting the return”. As said by the perumal, the cowherd did the right duty of stopping the cow which gave the milk to the perumal. He didnt expected anything. Its his duty to take the cow out and get the milk from them. As a result, he was the first person to get the dharshan of the perumal. Varaghar and Sri Srinivasar: After coming out from the Putru, the perumal went towards Sri Varagha moorthy who helped out Bhoomipiratti from Hiranyatshakan, when the perumal took the Avathar as “Sri Varaghar”. The perumal asked for some place to stay in the hill. As Varaghar could easily feel that the perumal is feeling the absence of Lakshmi piratti, he offered the perumal some land on the hill and he asked for a varam. It is that every bhaktas should worship Varagha swamy first then only they should worship the Sri Srinivasa perumal. If they worship him directly with praying Varagha moorthy, the perumal should not give his blessing nor take their offerings. The perumal accepted it and promised him that the Prasadham and his darshan will be offered first to Varagha moorthy and then only it would be offered to the perumal in Tirupathi. Thus, the perumal got the place to stay on and this hill is the Venkatachala hill (Tirumala). Varagha moorthy also sent Vakula maligai along with the perumal to help him out in the house. Vakula maligai is none other than Yasodha the mother of Sri Krishnan in Sri Krishna Avathaar. During that avathaar, the perumal had promised her that in Kali Yugam that she will be given his seva and she will be seeing the perumal in Kalyana Vaibhavam, as Kalyana Moorthy.
The outer entrance of the temple is called as “Mugha Dwaram” (entrance) and it is about 11 feet in width. Entering through this, we can see the Ranganayakikula mandapam, which is found on the left hand side. Next to it is the Pradhama mandapam is found. On the North side of the Pradhama mandapam, a statue of Krishnadevarayar is found who is said to be a great Shiva bhaktan. He came to this Tirumala divyadesam in 16th century for about 7 times. On the left side of Pradhama Mandapam, a big hall is found where Kalyana utsavam for the Perumal is done in a very grand manner. A small sannadhi for Sri Ranganathar is found and it is said that during the war of the Mughals on Sri Rangam, this Vigraham (Idol) was taken from Sri Rangam and kept here in this sannadhi and proper poojas done for the perumal. Next to this, is the Thirumalai Raja Mandapam is found. In this mandapam, there are three statues of Lala Khamanan, the Thodarmalla, his mother and his wife are found. As we have seen that two types of Pradhakshanams are said to be done in this temple, one can see the Sri Varadharajar sannadhi as we cross the inner Gopuram. Next to Varadharajar sannadhi is the Madapalli. (Kitchen of the temple) is found. There are called as “Poturooms” and the Neivedhya prasadhams are prepared inside these rooms. The incharge of the kitchen is none other than Sri Vakula maligai the mother of the perumal. An idol is also found in the entrance of the Kitchen and because of this, she is called as “Madapalli Naachiyaar”.
To the front of Madapalli, a well called as Bangarubavi (Golden well) and the water from this well is taken for cooking the prasadham, and for Thirumanjanam (spiritual bath given for the perumal). After doing the Pradhakshanam, one can see the sannadhi of Sri Ramanujar, the Vaishnavite Aacharyan. In this sannadhi, theertham and Satari are offered for the bhaktas. There is no sannadhi for any Aacharyaas for any of the Alwars only sannadhi for the great Vaishnavite, Sri Ramanujar is found. On the side of Sri Ramanujar sannadhi, a sannadhi for Yoga Narasimhar swamy is found. He is giving his seva in Yoga position holding Sangu and Chakkaram on his hands which is lifted upwards. And after worshipping all these, we will come across Thirumaamani mandapam, where ‘Garudan’ is found. There is a small vimaanam found on top of Garudalwar Sannadhi. To the west of Thirumaamani Mandapam, the Bangaru Vakili (the golden entrance) is found. And two Dwara Balagaas, jayan and Vijayan are found on the either side of the entrance. A custom by named “Thiruppaavadai” is done here during which large quantity of cooked rice are spread in this mandapam and Bhoga Srinivasamurthi is brought to this custom to accept it. After crossing the Bangaru Vakili, we can enter into a mandapam by named Snapana mandapam. This mandapam is also called as “Thiruvilam Koil”, where Bhoga Srinivasa murthi is found. After crossing the Snapana Mandapam, we can find Ramar medai where statues of Hanuman, Angadhan and sugreev are found and to opposite of this medai, statues of Anantham, Garudan and Vishwa karma made of Panchalokam are found. From Ramar medai, one can enter the Sayana mandapam, where the perumal is put to sleep in night (Ekantha seva). Behind the Sayana Mandapa is the Garbhagriham. (the moolavar sannadhi).
The Moolavar of this divyadesam is said to be Swayambhu (originated on its own but not sculpted by humans). The Moolavar, Sri Venkatachalapathy is found in Nindra thirukkolam on the petals of the Lotus. One can see and admire the beauty the Diamond Kireetam on the head of the perumal. On seeing his face to a closer look, we can see the smiling face of the perumal. His chin is covered with the Pachchai Karpooram and for the perumal, 4 hands are found. The upper two arms holds the Sangu and the Chakkaram. The lower right hand is in Varadha hasta pose which is said to the pose where the perumal holds his hand with his palm facing the bhaktas and all of the fingers are pointed towards downwards (towards his divine feet). And his lower left hand is said to be in “Katya Valambitha”pose where the fingers of the hand rest on the left thing of the perumal. Sri Lakshmi piratti is found on the right side of the Moolavar’s chest in sitting position. And on his left chest is Padmavathi thaayar is found. The perumal is worn with lots of precious ornaments on his arms, he is worn with a kind of ornament which is like the Aadhiseshan on his both the hands. He is also worn the Garland of Salagramam and his divine thiruvadi (Feet) is found on the Lotus flower.
Next to Moolavar is Bhoga Srinivasa Murthi is found who is similar as the Moolavar but the difference is the Sangu and the Chakkaram can’t be removed (its fixed) and gives his seva as “Sangu Chakkra thaari”. It is said that he is the perumal who accepts all the dedications made by bhaktas and gives the varam.
In front of Moolavar is Ugraha Srinivasar is found who is also named as “Venkata Thuraivar” and the Vigraham represents that he is in the angry mood. Due to an fire accident, he is used only on 3 occasions (ie) during Uttanna Ekadesi, Mukkoti Dwadesi and Dwadasa Aradhana. It is said that the rays of the sun should not touch the idol as it might bring harm to the world. Because of this before the sun rises, he is brought back to the Garbagriham.
The Utsavar is called as “Malai Kuniya Nindran Perumal”. He is also found in Nindra kolam and he is worn with lots of precious ornaments like diamonds and gold. Along his sides are Sridevi and Bhoodevi are found.On special days and on Utsavams like Kalyana Utsavam, Brahmotsavam, Teppa Utsavam, the Utsavar is decorated with a diamond ornament named as “Vajrangi” and a pearl ornament known as “Muthangi” next to ugra Narasimhar is Kolur Srinivasar is found. He is also named as “Dharbar Srinivasar”. He is brought up to the Thirumaamani mandapam and the perumal’s Kaanikkai are spread infront of him and are counted and finally the collection amount is said infront of him.
Next is 4 idols of Sri Ramar, Seetha devi, lakshmana and sugreevan are found. Next to them is Chakarattalwar (Sudarsana chakkaram) is found who is taken out before the utsavar taken out for Veedhi Purappaadu (Perumal is taken out through the streets). On Ratha Saptami, Chakkrattalwar is taken to Swammi Pushkarani and spiritual bath is given to him. One can see the beautiful and white Vimaanam, which is known as “Aananda Nilaya Vimaanam”. This Tirupathi temple is about 400 feet in length and 250 feet width. There are two gopurams found to this perumal. One is the outer Gopuram and another is Inner Gopuram. For two Gopurams, there are two Pragharams. The worship done in between the two pragharams is referred to as “Sampangi Pradhakshanam”. The worship in between inner pragharam and Garbhagriham is referred to as “Vimana Pradhakshanam”
The temple is opened all of the day but closed only for some hours of time. This implies how the perumal is giving his seva to his bhaktas. In the morning, Suprabhadha dharshan is done, during which the Bhoga Srinivasar murthi is taken from the sayana mandapam to Garbagriham. Mangala Harathi and a mixture of cow’s milk, butter and sugar are mixed as offered to the perumal and this is given as Prasadham to the Bhaktas. Sahasranama Archanai is done during which the Thriunamam (names) of the perumal is said. On Thursday a special pooja by name “Poolangi seva” is done. During this, the perumal is seen only in a dhoti and a uthriyam, without mere ornament and an garland. It is one of the special seva that all bhaktas should see. Next on Friday, Arjitha seva is done Brahmotsavam and Ratha Sapthami are the grand utsavams done for the perumal. The Brahmotsavam is also known as “Purattasi month Utsavam” and it is done during September and October.
During Brahmotsavam, the perumal (Utsava murthi) gives his seva on Various Vahanams. On the nights of the utsavam, he is found on Hamsa Vahanam, Peddha Vahanam, Muthyapupandri Vahanam, Sarva Bhoopala Vahanam, Garuda Vahanam, GajaVahanam, Chandraprabai Vahanam, Ashwa Vahanam. Likewise on the day, he is found on sesha Vahanam, Simha Vahanam, kalpavriksham Vahanam, Mohini Avathara Vahanam, Hanumantha Vahanam, Surya Prabhai Vahanam are done. Garuda seva on the fifth day of the Brahmotsavam is one among the special Vahanam during which the special and precious Makara Kandigai is worn for the Utsava murthi. On the 11th day, Theerthavari is done for the perumal is Swami Pushkarani. Theerthavari means the perumal is taken to the Swami Pushkarani and dipped in the theertham (ie) he is given bath in that pushkarani and after that all the bhaktas take bath there and finally all their sins are made vanished.
Tirupati is connected by road to all major towns and cities in South India. Direct buses to Tirupati are available from almost all major towns of Andhra Pradesh. APSRTC buses run from all the important places in the state and between Tirupati.
Tirupati is connected by rail with Hyderabad, Vijayawada, via Gudur and Madras via Renigunta and Coimbatore, Bangalore, Cochin via Arkonam, Tiruchi.
There are daily direct train services to Tirupati :
From Hyderabad – Rayalaseema Express, Venkatadri Express, Krishna Express, Narayanathri Express;
From Madras – Saptagiri Express, Tirupati Express;
From Visakhapatnam – Tirumala Express.
3.30 am to 3 am
Temple Telephone Number:
+91-877-223 3333, 227 7777
Tirumala Tirupathi Devasthanam