Koviladi – Sri Appakudathan temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Appakudathan temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Appakudathan, Appala Ranganathar

Thayar: Indiradevi, Kamalavalli

Pushkarani: Indhira Theertham

Vimanam: Indhira Vimanam

Mangalaashaasanam: Periazhwar, Tirumazhisai Azhwar and Tirumangai Azhwar

Sthalapuranam:

According to the sthala purnam, one of the the Pandyan Kings Uparisaravasar while hunting a rogue elephant by mistake killed a Brahmin performing tapas on the banks of the river and got affected with Brahmahathi Dhosham ( A Sin of Killing a Brahmin ). Repenting for his act, the king renounced his throne and wandered around, finally reaching Thirupper Nagar. One day Lord Siva appeared before the king and asked him to worship Lord Vishnu here in this kshetram to get rid of the Brahmahatthi Dhosham. There upon the king built a temple for Lord Vishnu and each day after worship offered food together with Appam, and Payasam to the Brahmins. One fine day Lord came to king’s place disguised as a Brahmin. He told the king that he is hungry and needed food. The king was surprised but he requested the Brahmin to wait till the other Brahmins also assembled. But Lord Vishnu in the form of a Brahmin conveyed to the king that he is too hungry and cannot wait. There upon, the king agreed to serve Him food. But to the surprise of the king the Brahmin ate all the food, and wanted some more. The king requested him to take rest and went in to cook some more. At that time Markandeya Rishi, who was informed by Siva to seek refuge in Lord Vishnu for longevity of life, was directed to the King’s place to worship Lord Vishnu taking rest as an old Brahmin.

Accordingly the Markandeya Rishi went to the king’s house where he saw the old Brahmin lying on the couch holding an appa kudam in one hand. Markandeya approached the Brahmin and bowed 100 times. Lord Vishnu regaining his original form lifted his hand from the appa kudam and blessed Markandeya with longevity of life. He also blessed the king to get rid of his brahmahathi dhosham. We find the moolavar in HIS Reclining Posture Holding Appakudam and Blessing Markandeya. Since Markandeya got his longevity of life the tank in this shetram is called Mruthyu Vinasini Theertham. This is the only Divyadesam Appam is being offered as Naivethyam.

Nammazhvaar sang the last of his Paasurams about Appaala Rangan before attaining Moksham. The only Divyadesam where Appam is the Naivethyam. Koviladi Appakudathaan Ranganathar Temple is one of the 7 temples referred by Thirumazhisai Azhavaar of Lord Vishnu in Reclining Posture ( Anantha Sayanam ) the other temples areSrirangam, Thiru Kudanthai (Kumbakonam), Anbil (Vadivazhagiya Nambi), Thiru Vallur, ThiruVekkaand Thiru Paarkadal. Moolavar is worshipped as Appa Kudathan in Reclining Posture facing West and Utsavar is also in the same name as Appala Rangan. Thayaris worshipped as Indira Devi and Kamalavalli. Koviladi is sung by Periyaazhwar with 33 Pasurams, Thirumangai Azhwar,Thirumazhisai Azhwar and Nammaazhwar, who attained moksham here and his last compositions were about this place and Lord Appankudathan.

Ekadashi means eleven. Ekam means one and Dasham means ten. There are two Ekadashis every month, the Suklabaksha and Krishnabaksha Ekadashis, comes on the 11th day from the Full Moon as well New Moon Days. Both the Ekadasis are equally important and have no difference at all. When the Lord created this material world, he also created a personality named Papa Asura, who is the reason for sinful activities so that to punish the sinful human beings. In order to control the Papa Asura, Yama Dharma came into existence, who will in turn send the sinful to his hellish world and punish according to the level of the sins made. But the Lord felt very sorry when the human beings suffer in the hell. In order to save them he created Ekadashi, manifestation of his own form. Hence Ekadashi is considered the Supreme of all the Vradhas and became the Utmost Pious of Activity. Once Ekadashi existed, most Humans followed and the sinful activities decreased drastically. Papa Asura became annoyed once Ekadashi existed, most Humans followed and the sinful activities decreased drastically. Papa Asura became annoyed and begged the Lord to save him stating that because of Ekadasi he became destroyed.  Being Papa Asura also his creation, in order to save him the Lord asked him to stay in the Grains on the day of Ekadasi. Hence on the day of Ekadashi complete fasting should be followed.  For those who cannot follow the complete fasting can take one food a lunch or dinner with No Food Grains should be taken.

Route:

This Divya shetram, also know as Thirupper Nagar is located very near to Trichy and is about 5 kms from Thiru Anbil Divyadesamand approximately round 25 kms from Trichy

Temple Timings:

8.30 a.m. and 12.00 a.m. and from 4.30 p.m. and 8.00 p.m

Temple Telephone Number:

+91- 4362 – 281 488, 281 460, 281 304

Temple Address:

Sri Appakudathan Temple,

Koviladi (Tirupair)-613 105,

Thanjavur district

Srirangam – Sri Aranganathar Perumal temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Aranganathar Perumal temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Aranganathar

Thayar: Ranganayaki

Pushkarani: Chandrapushkarani

Vimanam: Pranavaakruthi

Mangalaashaasanam: Among the 12 Azhwars only 11 made Hymns on the Lord  and Madhurakavi Azwar made his Hymns only about his Guru Nammazhwar and he Never Sung any  Hymns on the Lord

Sthalapuranam:

Srirangam is very much attached to Azhwars. This is the birth place of “Thiruppan Azhwar” who attained Moksham at this temple. There will be a celebrations on the Tamil Month of Panguni in which Thayar will have a dispute with Ranganathar as he married Kamalavalli without her permission. This celebration is known as “ Pranaya Kalaham”, where Nammazhwar comes and pacify both of them. Thirumangai Azhwar raised huge Prakarams and Gopurams. Thondaraipodi Azhwar was maintaining a flower Graden exclusively for Ranganathar. Madurakavi Azhwar brought his Guru Nammazhwar to thjis temple. Srirangam is the birth place of the famous Sri Vaishna Acharyars Vadakku Thiruveedhi Pillai, Periya Nambi, Pillai Lokacharya and many others.

Once on the base of Himalaya, River Ganga, Cauvery, Yamuna and Saraswathi are playing in the sky one ghandharvan (person who belong to Deva lokam) saw these rivers playing and worshipped them. Seeing this, all the 4 river women started saying themselves that he worshipped them only. They started arguing on whom actually he worshipped. The argument continued but didn’t stop. Yamuna and Saraswathi stopped their quarrel. But to Ganga and Cauvery it continued. Finally, they both went to Sriman Narayanan. River Ganga told to Narayanan since she was originated from the feet of Narayanan, she is bigger and mightier than Cauvery. Sriman Narayanan accepted it. But, Cauvery doesn’t accept it and she did tapas on Sriman Narayanan. Finally, Narayanan gave seva to her and told him that he will sleep on the bank of Cauvery and at that time, river Cauvery will be the garland (Maalai) in his chest, which will the better position than Ganga, who is found in his feet. This is the sthalapuranam said here. It is a traditional belief that Adi Sankara installed at Srirangam, a Yantra called Janakarshana Yantra (to attract pilgrims) to this sacred temple, just as at Tirupati he installed the Dhanakarshana Yantra (to attract wealth). Sankara infused immense power to this Yantra, which has proved by its action perfectly true to its name. Tirupati is the richest temple in the South, may be in whole of India, and Srirangam is the most visited temple in the South.

Though it is primarily a Vaishnavite temples, believers in different tenets of faith do pay their homage at the temple of Ranganatha, the Adi Purusha in blissful slumber, floating on the Banyan leaf during cosmic deluge. The Adi Purusha in his eternal happiness remained afloat on the Milky Ocean, for how long nobody can say. He wanted to create the Universe. Lord Vishnu appeared before Brahma in the form of a swan. Brahma questioned its identity, to which the swan replied with two monosyllables ‘OM’ and ‘THAP’ and disappeared. Brahma construed this bewildering reply as a direction to start penance uttering the word ‘OM’. After long years of penance, the four Vedas appeared. After years of further penance, Bhoomi (land, the earth) appeared then the fire, the sky and Devaloka, the heaven where angels stay, and human beings, animals, etc., gradually appeared. At that time, a demon, by name Madhu Kaitabha, appeared from the ear of Brahma and snatched the Vedas from him and disappeared into the ocean. This incident annoyed Brahma, who also plunged into the ocean to search for the miscreant.

Vishnu took the form of a horse (Hayagriva) and annihilated the ace of Madhu Kaitabha and recovered the Vedas and taught the same to Brahma. After the initiation by Lord Vishnu himself, Brahma started creating the Universe, which is made of the five elements, Prithvi (earth), Jal (water), Vayu (air), Tejas (fire), Vyoma (ether) and sixteen spheres of the Universe and gave a start to the natural law of the Universe.Creation only being his main port folio, when he set the natural law in motion, his work was completed and the Universe would go on in the cycle of Karma, i.e., and action done by the created beings. As one’s karma becomes the decisive factor for the continuance of the universe under the influence of natural law, Brahma realized in his observation that a time might come when his own action will be put to judgement. He felt the necessity of getting advice from Narayana. To invoke him, he started penance in the Milky Ocean. After long years of penance, Lord Narayana appeared before him on Garuda and asked him what he wanted. Brahma requested Narayana to show him his real form. Lord Narayana replied that nobody has seen his real Jyothi (effulgent) Swarupam. He said further: “It is I who appeared before you as a swan. It is I who brought you the Vedas. It is I who took the form of Hayagriva and annihilated the demon. And now I have come on my Garuda. I have taken up the responsibility of protecting the Universe and if you want to visualize my real form, you will have to utter the Ashtakshara Mantra in deep veneration.

At this, Brahma started the penance. Like this a thousand years elapsed, and at the end, Lord Vishnu appeared in a Ranga Vimanam from the Milky Ocean. Ranga Vimanam is the name given to a special chariot-like conveyance carried by Veda Murtis on their head, having Lord Vishnu inside the Vimanam (vehicle). Nagaraja was holding the white umbrella in attendance. Senapati Vishwaksena was holding a cane and chamaram (fan). Narada with Tumburu, uttering the hymns in praise, along with Devas, Angels, Kinnarasi (heavenly beings) were in prayerful attention. Sages Sanat kumara and others, the usual mythological attendants of Vishnu, were following the chariot. In deep veneration Brahma went round the chariot four times chanting the four Vedas with his four mouths and stood before Lord Vishnu in prayerful pose representatives of all the worlds of the Universe, including Durga, Saraswati, Sapta Rishis, Navagrahas, constellations of stars and the Ashta Palakas (eight doorkeepers) and others were also in attendance. Being pleased with the penance of Brahma, for the first time the real Swarupam of Vishnu in Ranga Vimanam with his attendants was shown to him as desired. Since that day the Ranga Vimanam became most famous, as the real seat of the Universal God. Brahma wanted to worship Lord Vishnu in the Vimanam forever. Lord Vishnu agreed to his request and Brahma took him to his abode in Satyaloka. Brahma was happy to worship the Vimanam. News spread in course of time to Manu, the son of Sun God Surya, who was attracted and desired to have the darshan, for which he performed a penance and fulfilled his desire by a visit to Satyaloka and, paying homage’s to the Ranga Vimanam, then in the custody of Brahma, he attained liberation. Manu’s son Ikshwaku cherished the desire of possessing the Ranga Vimanam for the benefit of the people on earth. He consulted his family preceptor, Vasishtha (priest of the Surya vamsha), who advised him to start penance uttering the sacred Ashtakshara Mantra. Accordingly, Ikshwaku started a severe penance which puzzled even the devas, foreboding evil days for them. They attempted to spoil the penance by deputing Maninatha and the celestial nymphs to distract his attention. Indra took the lead in this affair and did not even hesitate to send the Vajraayudha (lightning weapon) to foil the penance. But all failed in their attempts. In disappointment, they prayed to Brahma, to save them from the baffling catastrophe. Brahma on his part approached Ranganatha for advice.

Ranganatha consoled Brahma by expressing his desire to go to Ayodhya where he would be worshipped by the descendant of the Solar dynasty for four Yugas, and at the end of the fourth Yuga he would go to the kingdom of the Cholas in the South, on the banks of the Kaveri, where he would stay for 700 years. At the end, of this period he would return to Brahmaloka. Brahma was directed to part with the Ranga Vimanam to Ikshwaku. From Ikshwaku to Lord Rama time, this Vimaan was worshipped and belonged to Ayodhya Kings. Sri Ramar who took the avathaar as an ordinary human being, worshipped Sri Ranganathan, the god is also named as “Periya Perumal”. After his pattabishekham (crowned as king), he gave the Thiru Aranga Vimaanam to King Vibeeshan, which belongs to Ayodhya Kings and their followers. Coming along with the Thiruvaranga temple vimaanam, the Chola king and the Rishis present requested Vibhishana to perform the Adi Brahmotsava there itself instead of in Lankha. Vibhishana agreed to this request. So he kept the vimaanam in the midst of Cauvery river to worship it. During the worship, Chozhan Dharmavarman and lots of Rishis also joined. In commemoration of this incident, the Brahmotsava is performed on the day of the full moon in the month of Panguni, Uttaram day. After finishing all the poojas, tried to take the vimaanam along with him to Lanka, he was unable to take it and he could not even move. This must have caused almost heartbreak to Vibhishana who went on praying to Lord Ranganatha to save him from the situation. At that time, Sri Aranganathan told since he had given varam (promise) to River Cauvery and since he has to purify her, he has to be all along the Cauvery River. And told that he will not be in a position to move from there. But on hearing this, King Vibeeshan became sad, for which Sri Aranganathan says that inspite of not coming to Lanka, but he will be facing the south direction of Lanka. This is the history explaination of Sri Rangam.

The temple is built on lands of 100s of acres with huge number of beautiful statues speaking volumes of the excellent sculptural skills of Tamilnadu having many halls, tanks and shrines. There are 21towers and inner rounds, the 4th being very popular and important. The main tower, Rajagopuram is the tallest in India. This is one of the biggest temples in India. The procession deity is Namperumal, Azhagia Manavalan, Sri Devi and Bhoo Devi. There are 8 holy springs including Chandrapushkarani and Suryapushkarani. Vaikunda Ekadasi in Margazhi (December-January). During the month of October, the lower stem of a coconut tree is fixed as the first pole for the pandal to celebrate the Raapathu (10 nights) and Pagal Pathu (10 days) festival when more than 5 lakhs devotees would assemble and chant the Naalayira Divya Prabhanda hymns sitting before the Lord. The number of devotees would be in lakhs during the three Brammotsavam festivals. In Masi Teppa Thiruvizha (10 day boat festival) attracts large crowd. The temple is always in festive mood almost all days of the year with huge inflow of devotees from various parts of the state and the country including foreigners.

There are 21 magnificent towers in all the 7 prakaras, which represents the7 Lokhas and they are named starting from the “Karpagraham“  (Moolasthanam – the Place where the Main Deity blesses) as Sathya Lokahm, Thabo Lokham, Jano Lokham, Mahara Lokham, Suvar Lokham, Buvar Lokham and Boolokham

Apart from the presiding deity Lord Ranganathar, the temple complex comprises of about 53 upa-sannathis and which includes are Thayar Sannathi, Chakkarathazwar Sannathi, Sri Udayavar ( Ramanujar )Sannathi, Garudalwar Sannathi, Thanvanthiri Sannathi, Hygrevar Sannathi etc … height . It was started by the the Great King Krishna Raya Dhevar, a Vishnu Devotee and completed by the 44th Ahobila Mutt Jeeyar

Route:

Srirangam is just 6 km from Tiruchi city.

Temple Timings:

6.15 a.m. to 01.00 a.m. and 2.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m.

Temple Telephone Number:

+91 – 431- 223 0257, 243 2246.

Temple Address:

Sri Aranganathar Perumal Temple,

Srirangam-620 006,

Trichy

Tiru Indalur – Parimala Ranganathar

Name of the Temple

Sri Parimala Ranganathar Temple

Period of origin

Before 1600 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Parimala Ranganathan, Sughandhavananathan, Maruviniya Maindhan,

Thayar:  Pundarireega Valli, Chandrashaaba Vimochana Valli

Pushkarani: Chandra Pushkarni

Vimanam: Vedha Chakra Vimanam

Mangalaashaasanam: Thirumangaialwar

Sthalapuranam:

The Moolavar of this sthalam is Sri Parimala Ranganathan. Also called as Maru viniya Maindhan, Sugantha Vananathan, and Andhiya Rangan. He is giving his seva in Kidantha (Sleeping) Thirukkolam in Veera Sayanam facing his thirumugham towards east direction. Prathyaksham for Chandiran (Moon god).

Ekadasi Vrata-fasting, that is the devotee committed to this prayer should spend the whole day only with thoughts of Lord without consuming even a drop of water. King Ambarishan was following this practice meticulously. The devotee should take food only the next day-Dwadasi the 12th day of New Moon or Full moon at an auspicious time. And that was the 100th Ekadasi-Dwadasi for king Ambarisha. People of his country and those in the palace were happy that their king will be completing a century and there were necessary arrangements for the celebrations.

But, people in the celestial world were unhappy because, Ambarishan may be elevated to their status if his 100th fasting went successfully. They did not want to lose their position for a human. They approached Sage Durvasa to undo his fasting and help retaining their positions. The sage, noted for his temperament assured the Devas to help them and came down to earth. By then, the king had finished the Ekadasi fasting. The fasting would become complete only if he took his food before the prescribed time the next day-Dwadasi. If the time ends, the fruits of the fasting also would be lost. The king did not know that the sage had come with an evil plan.

The king was about to take his food when Sage Durvasa entered his palace. The king was doubly glad to have a guest in Sage Durvasa and requested him to accept his hospitality-dining with him. The sage cunningly told him that he accepted his invitation and would be back to be with him for the lunch after a bath in the river. His plan was to fail the king. The time was fast nearing.

The king was afraid of the curse of the sage if he ate without him. He consulted the pandits in his court. The chief pandit said that if he simply consumes of few drops of water, he would complete the fasting in order. King did this and was waiting for the sage to have the full food.

Knowing this through his powers, Durvasa created a ghost to kill the king. When the ghost began chasing him, Ambarisha sought asylum at Lord’s feet. Perumal looked at the ghost angrily. The ghost began to retreat and disappeared. Realizing the devotion of the king and the power of his fasting, sage Durvasa sought the pardon of the Lord. The sage was pardoned.

When asked by the Lord of his wish after completing 100 Ekadasi fastings, king Ambarisha begged the Lord that He should stay at this place and bless the devotees. Pleased with the king’s request, Lord Vishnu-Perumal is blessing His devotees from this temple as Parimala Ranganathar.

As per legends During Thirumangai Azhwar’s visit to this Divya Desam, the temple was shut as he was late. Upset at this, Thirumangai Azhwar gets into an argument with Lord Parimala Ranganathar. When a friend keeps a thing that we want and does not want to share with us, we typically say ‘ keep it to yourself’ in jest. Similarly, here, with the Lord not allowing Thirumangai Azhwar an entry into the temple, the Azhwar asked Parimala Rangan to keep all his beauty to himself and to enjoy it on his own. Thirumangai Azhwar goes on to argue that the world will talk about the Lord in bad light as he shut the door on the Azhwar. The Lord ignores this comment of the Azhwar saying that he need not worry about it and that he will take care of any ill feelings. Despite repeated attempts to impress the Lord to allow him an entry, Parimala Rangan maintains his silence. A dejected and frustrated Thirumangai Azhwar decided that he would leave the place as the Lord was stubborn at not allowing Darshan to the Azhwar. Thirumangai Azhwar in his Paasuram (1331) says ‘Vaasi Valleer Indhalureer Vazhnthey Pomneerey….’ to mean that ‘I am leaving, you yourself live here and enjoy life’. Sensing that Thirumangai Azhwar may leave the place without praising him enough, Lord Parimala Rangan tries to prolong the argument and asks him to sing praise of him. Thirumangai Azhwar replies saying “How can I shower praise on you when you do not allow me to see you”. Lord Parimala Ranga says “ You who have sung praises of other Lords, sitting in your place, do sing praise of me too so I can listen to your sweet songs.” Thirumangai Azhwar finally falls for it and composes 10 Paasurams.

Another story goes that Chandran (Moon God) fell in love with his preceptor Brihaspati’s wife Tara and eloped with her, in the absence of his Guru. When Brihaspati found his wife missing, he sought the help of Brahmma who asked Tara to return to her husband.

Later, when Tara’s pregnancy came to light, a furious Brihaspati cursed Chandra to deformity saying that the biggest sin of life is to caste one’s eyes on another’s spouse and that Chandran would have to undergo the full severity of the curse for having cast his eyes wrongfully on another’s wife.

Another story goes that Dakshan was so taken in by Chandran’s handsome features that he decided to make him the suitor for his 27daughters. However, Chandran was interested only in one of the daughters, Rohini and mockingly ignored the others.

Dakshan found that the handsome looks had made Chandran too arrogant and cursed him to immediately lose his youth and his strong luring features.

Repenting for wrongly casting his eye on another man’s wife, Chandran requested Brihaspati to provide him an opportunity for performing parikara that could help him cleanse his grave sins.

An another greatness of this place. River Cauvery is under lords feet here. As he promised river Cauvery to increase here status, he made her as his bed at Srirangam, took her as his mother at Thirucherai and here at Thiru Indhaloor, he has taken river Cauvery above his head. Thus gave her the status of river Ganges who is on the head of Lord Shiva.

As the perumal of this place, converted the position of river Cauvery and Lord Chandra into a pious state, Thirumangaialwar calls him as a Brahmin.

The vedas were created to instruct rules for human beings to lead a happy life. The Surya and Chandra revolve around the world to give prosperity. Hence the vimaana of this place is called as Veda Chakra Vimaanam.

Sri Rangam is known as Aadhi Arangam (first) while Thirukudanthai is Madhiya Arangam (Middle) and Thiru Indhaloor is known as Andiya Arangam (Last).

Route:

2 km from Mayiladuthurai main bus stand

Temple Timings:

06:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. and from 05:00 p.m. and 08:30 p.m.

Temple Telephone Number:

04364-223 330, 9443873620, 9942916241, 98437 31595.

Temple Address:

Sri Parimala Ranganathar Temple,

Tiru Indalur,

Mayiladuthurai.

Nagapattinam district.

Sarangapani Temple-Aravamudhan Perumal

Name of the Temple

Sri Sarangapani temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years ago

Name of deity

Moolavar: Aravamudhan, Sarangapani

Thayar: Komalavalli

Sthala Theertham: Cauvery and Arisal Aru, Hemavalli Pushkarini

Vimanam: Vaidega Vimaanam.

Mangalaashaasanam:

Sri Aandal – 1 Paasuram.

Periyalwar – 3 Paasurams.

Thirumizhisai Alwar – 7 Paasurams.

Boothatalwar – 2 Paasurams.

Peiyalwar – 2 Paasurams.

Nammalwar – 11 Paasurams.

Thirumangai-25Paasurams.
Total – 51 Paasurams.

Sthalapuranam

When it was time for the end of this world a huge pralaya came up. In order to save the vedha’s Amirtham and tools necessary to create lives on earth, lord Bhrama collected all these things and put them in a mud pot and kept the pot safety on the top of the Mountain Meru.

Pralaya kalam (ie) the period of non stop heavy rain came and the pot of bhrama was washed away by the flood. In due course moving in the south direction it came to halt at a particular place. Then for the wish of all devar’s (ie) heavenly people Lord Shiva broke the pot with an arrow. Immediately Amudham (ie) the liquit given eternity flowed from the pot and formed two tanks. One is known as Maha maga kulam and the othr Potramarai kulam. The remains of the pot and Amudham joined together to form “Lord Kumbeswarar”. In the name of the broken pot (ie) Kumbam that place was clled Kumbakkonam.

Once the Sage Brugu came to Vaikunda to test the patience and tolerance quality of Lord Vishnu by hitting on His chest.  Lord did not prevent the sage nor grew angry against him. But simply smiled.  Mother Lakshmi asked the Lord how He could allow other male to touch Her also while hitting Him as the chest of Lord is Her home.  The sage fell at the feet of Mother Lakshmi and said that he was given the job of finding a God so soft in nature for conducting a Yagna to whom it was to be dedicated.  I hit Lord for this test and meant no motives.  He also begged Mother that she should be born his daughter.  Mother Lakshmi happily blessed the sage.  She promised the sage to leave Lord for him and advised him to take on penance to realize his wish.   The sage performed penance in Kumbakonam and found Mother on the Hema Pushkarini Theertha on a Lotus.  He took the child and named Her Komalavalli.  He gave his daughter to Perumal in a grand wedding.  Perumal came to wed Mother holding a bow-Sarnga, hence is praised as Lord Sarangapani.  The place, thus is revered as the Avatara Sthala-birth place of Mother Komalavalli-Lakshmi.

Lord Ranganatha had settled down with the Prana Vaakruthi Vimaanam on the banks of Cauvery in Srirangam. The Lord also told Vibheeshana that he would settle down with the Vaidheega Vimaanaam at Kudanthai. Hence, this temple is 2nd only to Srirangam among the Divya Desams.

During 9th, A.D, divya prabatham was not compiled. It was scattered here and there. On that time in Kaatumannar kovil also called Veera Narayanapuram near Chidambaram there lived a man called Naadhamunigal.

He worked in the temple and one day he came to hear II paasurams which had “Aara Amudhey” as its beggning. The verse was so pure, gentle and devotional that Naadamunigal was completely take aback by it. He asked the two men about the verse and enquired them regarding the last line which hinted that these II paasurams or verses were among the other 1000 verses. But the men who sand said they were Unaware about the matter.

Somehow Naadamunigal wanted to find the rest of 1000 Paasurams. But he couldnt get any clues from the men and so he was very much worried. Suddenly he remembered the first line which began with the word “Aara Amudhe” so quickly he went to the Saarangapani temple in Kudanthai and started to pray hardly. Immedietely a flash ran in his mind the last line of the II Paasurams said that it was written by Sadagopan of Thirukurukur (ie, “Kurukur Sadagopan Kuralin Maliya sonna OOrayirathul”).

He thanked the god to remaind him and headed straightly to Thirukkurukur. There he came to know about the history of Nammalwar and his excellent diciple “Madhurakavi alwar” who treated Nammalwar as his god. Then he met Pharangusasadhasar who came in the way Madhurakavialwar who gave him II Paasurams (Starting with Kanninum Siruthambu…) sung by his guru. The verse was written by Madhurakavialwar in praise of his beloved guru Nammalwar.

Naadhamunigal was very happy and he went to the temple in Alwar Thirunagari (Thirukurukur) and sat in front of the Tamarind tree under which Nammalwar was sitting in his time.

He started to chant the II Paasurams of Madhurakavialwar without stopping for 12,000 times. Nammalwar appeared before Naadhamunigal and started to teach him all the 4000 paasurams and with a written copy of Dhivya prabantham. Naadhamunigal returned to Kaatu Mannar kovil Secessfully. Srimadh Naadhamunigal then divided the prabantha paasurams into 4 group each containing almost 1000 paasurams.

Henceforth Aaraamudha perumal of this Thirukkudanthai – Naatha munigal from Kaatu mannar kovil Nammalwar of Alwar Thirunagari all worked together to the rebirth of prabantham. Also the way in which Aaramudhan came to this place, bears a relation to Thirupathi and Sri Rangam. This temple Karbagraham (or) Moolavar sannathi has two entries one named Uthrayana vaasal and the other Dakshinayana Vaasal, both the terms deputing the Sun’s orbit. Hence this place is also treated incoherence with Thiruvellarai.

As Aaraamudhans appearence has a relation to the myths of the trinity Bhrama, vishnu Sivan this place can be treated inaccordance to Kadhambanoor and Kandiyur.

Once upon a time Therumazhisai Alwar came to have a dharsan of Aaraamudha perumal. He was very much impressed by his beauty and wanted to have a chat with him. So he prayed the Lord and after some times, the Lord Wanted to answer his prayer and hence he lifted his head from the sleeping posture and started to get up. But, Alwar didnt wanted to disturb his sleep and hence he requested perumal not to get up and to remain in the same posture so as to bless each devotee visiting him and to treat each one of them as Thirumazhisaialwar. The post of Aara Amudhan is called as Uthra Sayanam and he is thus called as Uthanasai.

As the Lord god accepted his devotees wish as he did in Kanchipuram, this place is coherent to Thiruvekka of Kanchipuram.

Once there lived a great Sri Vishnu bhaktha named “Narayaswamy” in Thirukudanthai. He was very rich but had no children. So at one stage he devoted all his money and wealth to the Aara Amudhan’s temple. His neighbors asked him to adopt a son to render rites and rituals after his death,

The Rajagopurams of the temples of Tamilnadu are noted for their height.  Srirangam tower is 236 feet tall and that of Srivilliputhur is 165 feet.  Kumbakonam Lord Sarangapani temple is the third 11 tier 150 feet tall.  The car-rath of the temple also is famous for its high artistic beauty – called Chithira Ther.  Saint Tirumangai Azhwar calls this as Rathabandham.

There is no swarga Vaasal at the Saarangapani temple. But about 100000 people are expected to attend the Vaikunta Ekadesi festival here.

Route

Accessible distance of this temple very short from kumbakonam bus stand

Temple Timings:

0435 – 243 0349, 94435 – 24529.

Temple Telephone Number:

Sri Sarangapani Temple,

Kumbakonam – 612 001,

Thanjavur district.