Nallicherry (Nandi mangai) – Sri Jambunatha Swamy Temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Jambunatha Swamy Temple

Period of origin

Before 1500 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Jambunatha

Ambal: Akhilandeswari

Sthala Theertham: Cauvery

Sthala Virksham: Vilvam

Sthalapuranam:

One of the seven Saptha matrika temples associated with Kaumari. The Siva temple Lord Jambunatha facing West  and Goddess Akhilandeswari  is located 1/2 kilometres away from the Agraharam – on the North.  The Lord faces the burial ground, 1 kilometre on the West and bestows his divine vision during cremation to attain Moksha by the deceased. This is a rare arrangement, not available in most of the villages or Towns . Lord Siva is also worshipped by Sun God in February and March for third days continuously in the evening. His rays falling on the top, middle and bottom portions respectively of the Sivalingam . Nandikeswara worshipped the deity  and did penance here to obtain panchakeshara siddhi, which he could not get at Thiruvaiyaru  about 6 kilometres from here. This village originally called Nandi Mangai according to sthalapuranam, is now known as Nallicherry.

Waves of spiritual ecstasy roll over Lord Nandiswara, the divine vehicle of Lord Shiva, as Siva’s kazhal, the leg ornament brush Nandi’s sides. But Lord Nandishwar also longed for the touch of Shiva’s lotus feet on his body. So Nandeeswara conducted 1008 Pradosham poojas with utmost sincerity and devotion. As a result of this sincere puja, Lord Siva satisfied devoted Nandi’s longing at this Nandhimangai temple.

The village is one of the Sapthasthalas forming seven Holy Kshetras in and around where the annual SapthaSthanam festival is held in the month of Panguni . The Dieties from the main temple Chakkarappalli are taken in a procession in very huge “kannadippallakkoo” weighing more than 2000 Kgs by bearers on bare foot over more than 40 Kms in two days nonstop except for few hours halt at Kudamurutti river sands for the fireworks show at 4 am . This was the only major unique festival of the area which was / will be well remembered by young and old and was eagerly awaited upon . The huge crowd of pilgrims going on foot along with the pallakkk is absent today as all the color and glitter of those days. Being celebrated these dayson a low level with hardly any public fund and interest.

Route:

The temple is located at Nallicheri on the road which branches left from the Aiyampettai – Thanjavur road past the Pasupathi Temple. It is near both Soolamangalam and Ayyampettai.

Temple Timings:

7 am to 12 pm and 4 pm to 7 pm

Temple Address:

Sri Jambunatha Swamy Temple

Nallicherry

Aiyampettai (P.O)

Kumbakonam (Taluk)

Thanjavur dts

 

Tirupullamangai (Pasupathikoil) – Sri Pasupatheeswarar temple

 Name of the Temple

Sri Pasupatheeswarar temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Pasupatheeswarar, Pasupathinathar, Brahmmapureeswarar, Alandurainathar

Ambal: Alliangothai, Soundaryanayaki

Sthala Theertham: Cauvery, Kudamurutti, Kamadenu Theertham, Shiva theerthangal

Sthala Virksham: Banyan tree

Dhevaram : Tirugnanasambandar

Sthalapuranam:

This is the fifth of seven temples (Sapthasthana sthalas) praised in the hymns of saint Tirugnanasambandar who lived in the seventh century. Thiruchakkarapalli is the first in this series. These seven temples were worshipped by the Sapthamadhas – Ariamangai,Chakkara Mangai, Shoola Mangai, Nandhi Mangai, Pasu Mangai (Pasupathi temple), Thazha Mangai and Pulla Mangai and also the Saptha Rishis (seven sages). This temple was worshipped by the Divine Cow Kamadenu. This is depicted in a sculpture.

A Chola king, Kochengat Cholan was a spider in his previous birth, spun webs on the Shivalinga and worshipped Lord Shiva. The spider spun the webs to prevent birds spitting on the Linga and falling of stale leaves in the Lord. Knowing not the Bhakthi of the spider, an elephant, also a Shiva devotee performed abishek to the Lord with water from Cauvery, thus removing the spider web. The spider entered into the ears of the elephant. Unable to bear this torture, the elephant struck the ground strongly with its tusk and died killing the spider too. Both reached the Feet of Lord Shiva simultaneously.

The spider begged the Lord to grant him a royal birth and was born as Kochengat Cholan and built temple which elephants could not climb. These temples are called Mada temples. Based on this story and the services of Kochengat Cholan, these events are sculpted in the temple tower in small size. Scientifically too, these Mada Temples are considered a means to protect people of Cauvery delta villages from heavy floods. The temple’s beauty and reputation lies in the majestic form of Mother Sree Durga in the northern corridor (prakara) of the temple. Speaking volumes of the skill of the sculptor, Mother Durga graces from under a stone umbrella, standing on the head of a buffalo holding weapons as conch, discus, sword, bow, club, trident, armour, angusam the rope. Two men are approaching Her, one chopping his own head and other tearing his lap offering blood sacrifice. While the Goddess is holding theis Lotus Feet is head,, bow in one hand, the other hand assures safety with her ring finger touching the thumb, other fingers straight, a sign called chinmudra. A basket with arrows is at Her back. It is said that the Durga idols of Tirupullamangai temple and those in Tirunageswaram and Patteeswaram were made by the same sculptor, all having supreme powers.

The local history is that this town was known as Pullamangai and the temple name was known as “Alandhurai”. However, in present days the town name has become Pasupathi Koil. This temple is located in the banks of Kudamuruti River. Since this temple Thala Vriksham is “Ala Maram” hence it is called as “Alandhurai”, some people say this too. The actual story for this place is, when Devas were trying get nectar by churning the milky ocean, the snake they were using spewed poison, and it is said the God abode here took that poison and settled here.  Hence the name Alandurai or Alanthurai. Also there is a legend that Parvati is said to have taken the form of a Chakravaha bird and worshipped Shiva here, hence the name Pullamangai. Some sources say that the name Pullamangai is sourced from the Kites that live in the Temple Tower.

There are shrines for Chandeswara, Navagrahas the nine planets with Nandhi at the centre and Nalvar – Ganasambandar, Tirunavukkarasar, Sundarar and Manickavasagar. Eagles are ever flying on the top of the tower. This is the place where Lord Shiva made nectar of Aalahala poison that came out of the milk ocean. The sanctum sanctorum is of Agazhi type – Agazhi is a deep water canal security arrangement around a fort with crocodiles put in to prevent enemies entry to the fort. We witness devastating floods even today despite preventive dam arrangements. In those days, when such engineering safety was not available, many of the Cauvery delta villages were ruined due to heavy floods. These natural calamities are recorded in Tirukattupalli epigraphic details of Sundara Cholan period.

Parandaka Cholan, the great grandfather of Rajaraja Cholan had renovated this temple in Tirupullamangai and other one in Pasupatheeswaram, as found in the stone carvings in pillars. Many of the sculptures as pillars and other temple structures and idols as Chandikeswara, Chamunda Devi on the eastern side of the temple, Jeshta Devi and Nandi represent the Chola period. In later years, rulers of north not only invaded this region but also had robbed invalauable art wealth. These temples were later renovated by Vijayanagara ruler Veera Sumbanna Udayar with sanctions of land for temple maintenance. He also built the five tier main tower – Rajagopuram 65 feet tall that contains a mention in Telugu of this work representing Naicker architecture.

The then Thanjavur Maratta king Prataba Simhan, who was paying tax to the Arcot Nawab delayed the payment once. Exasperated, the Nawab, invaded Thanjavur twice. The second army of the Nawab Anwaruddin camped near the Pasupathikoil village and began attacking the temple with a tanker. In retaliation, king’s commander Manojiappa gave a fitting fight and defeated the Nawab and captured him. Thus the place and Pasupatheeswarar temple were subjected to successive calamities and was renovated by the King Pratapasimhan. One can find a mix of Cholas, Naicker and Maratta cultures in the temple now. After the days of kings were over, there was none to take care of the temple and its maintenance leading to its poor condition. Many beautiful sculptures had been robbed and there is no trace of them. The first corridor (prakara) was almost floored off. The Goddess and Her shrine were almost destroyed. Bats were flying. The temple is built in accordance with the Agama rules in the north eastern corner (called Eesanya corner) in the Kallar Pasupathikoil village.

The 65 feet tall main tower (Rajagopuram) is very beautiful at the entrance. There are facilities to climb the tower. A Nandhi of the Chola period is on the western side under the Madakoil in a sitting form with its legs folded. Some sculptures are available here and there. Thus the place and Pasupatheeswarar temple were subjected to successive calamities and was renovated by the King Pratapasimhan.  One can find a mix of Cholas, Naicker and Maratta cultures in the temple now.   After the days of kings were over, there was none to take care of the temple and its maintenance leading to its poor condition.  Many beautiful sculptures had been robbed and there is no trace of them.  The first corridor (prakara) was almost floored off.  The Goddess and Her shrine were almost destroyed.

Mahashivarathri in February-March, Aipasi Annabishekam in October-November and Margazhi Tiruvadhirai in December-January are the festivals celebrated in the temple.

Route:

This is a village 14 km on the Thanjavur-Kumbakonam road. The temple can be reached from the Pasupathi Koil bus stop. The temple is 1 km from the road branching towards south.

Temple Timings:

6.00 a.m. to 11.00 a.m. and 4.00 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.

Temple Telephone Number:

+91 9791482102, 8056853485

Temple Address:

Sri Pasupatheeswarar Temple,

Pasupathikoil – 614 206,

Thanjavur district.

Thazhamangai – Sri Chandramouleeswarar Temple

 Name of the Temple

Sri Chandramouleeswarar Temple

Period of origin

Before 1000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Chandramouleeswarar

Ambal: Sri Raja Rajeswari ambal

Sthala Theertham: cauvery

Sthalapuranam:

One of the seven Saptha matrika temples associated with Mahendri. There are not that many temples where the Mother Goddess manifests Herself in Her Rajarajeswari form. So this temple is quite special. Those who are burdened with lack of peace in the family should resolve to do regular worship at this temple on Tuesdays, Fridays and on the night of the darshan of the third phase of the crescent moon. This steadfast worship will help bestow peace and tranquility in one’s family.

ஒரு யுகத்தில் தாழைவனமாக விளங்கிய இத்தலத்தில், நாகங்கள் நிறைந்த தாழையடியில் கடுந்தவம் புரிந்த சந்திரனின் பத்தினி, தட்சனின் சாபத்திலிருந்து சந்திரன் விடுபடத் தக்க பரிகாரங்களை இத்தலத்தில் பெற்றாள்.

இத்தலத்தின் தொன்மை பெயர் தாயமங்கலமாகும். மங்கலம் என்ற பெயரில் அமைந்த ஊர்களை மங்கை என்று வழங்குவதாலும், சப்த மங்கையரில் ஒருவர் வழிபட்டதாலும் இத்தலம் தாழமங்கை என்றாயிற்று.

“சித்திரைச் சதயம் முத்தித்திறத் தழையம்” என்பது சித்தர்களின் பொய்யா வாக்கு! அதாவது சிறு எள் மணி வித்தில் மறைந்திருக்கும் மணமுள்ள தைலம் போல் சித்திரைச் சதய நாளில் தாழமங்கை சிவமூர்த்திக்கு இடும் சந்தனக் காப்பானது, யோக வேத மந்திர வழிமுறைகளில் நல்முக்தித் திறத்துக்கு வித்தாகித் தழைத்து நன்கு விருத்தியாகி முந்தைய, வளரும், வருங்கால ஆகிய முச்சந்ததிகளின் சுபிட்ச வளத்திற்கும் தீர்க்கமாக நிலைபெற்று அருளும் என்பது பொருளாகும். தழையம் என்றால் எப்போதும் வளமாக இருப்பதாகும்.

இத்தாழமங்கைத் திருத்தலத்திற்கு சந்திரனும், அவனது மனைவி சாயாதேவியும் தம்பதியராக வந்து, தம் கரங்களால், சந்தனம் அரைத்து சித்திரை சதய நாளில் சிவலிங்கத்திற்கு சார்த்தி சிவ தரிசனம் பெற்றனர்.

ஆண்டுதோறும் வைகாசி விசாக பௌர்ணமி நாளில் சந்திரன் உட்சத்தில் இருக்கும் நேரத்தில் இவ்விறைவனை பூஜிக்கும் நிகழ்வு நடைபெறுகின்றது.

மாதந்தோறும் அமாவாசையில் இருந்து மூன்றாவது நாளாகிய சந்திர தரிசன நாளில் இத்தலத்திலிருந்து மூன்றாம் பிறைச் சந்திர தரிசனத்தைப் பெறுதலால் தம்பதிகள் ஒற்றுமையாக வாழ்வர். சதாபிஷேக பாக்கியமும் கிடைக்கும்.

கண்ணொளி பெருகவும் கண்பிரை நோய்கள் தீர்வதற்கும் இங்கு சந்திர ஹோரை காலத்தில் அபிஷேக ஆராதனைகள் செய்து வழிபட வேண்டும்.

கண் சம்பந்தமான நோய்கள் நிவர்த்தியாக வலது கண்ணில் நோய் என்றால் ஞாயிறன்றும், இடது கண்ணில் நோய் என்றால் திங்களன்றும் மௌனவிரதமிருந்து இத்தலத்தில் சந்தனம் அரைத்து சுவாமிக்கு சந்தனக் காப்பாக இட்டு, அம்பாளுக்கு தாழம்பூக்களைக் கூந்தல் பட்டையாக அலங்கரித்துச் சார்த்தி வழிபட்டு வர கண் நோய்கள் குணமாகும் என்பது ஐதீகம்.

உயர் படிப்புகளில் சிறந்து விளங்க விரும்புவோர் இத்தலத்தில் வித்யாசக்தி நிறைந்த புதன்கிழமை தோறும் சந்தனம் அரைத்து புரசு இலையில் வைத்து சுவாமிக்கு காப்பிட்டு வழிபட்டு வரவேண்டும்.

திங்கள்கிழமை, சதயம், பௌர்ணமி, அமாவாசை நாட்களில் இவ்விறைவருக்குச் சந்தனக் காப்பு இட்டு வழிபட்டு வந்தால், முடி உதிர்வு, அழகின்மை, குள்ளமாயிருத்தல் போன்ற அங்க அம்சங்களாலும், வசதியின்மையாலும் திருமண வாய்ப்பு பாதிக்கப்பட்டு வேதனை அடைந்து இருப்போர் தக்க நிவர்த்திகளைப் பெறுவர்.

இச்சிவாலயம் 1300 ஆண்டு கால பழமையுடையதாகும்.

இஃது சப்த மங்கை தலங்களில் ஆறாவது தலமாகும்.

சுக்கிர கிரக தோஷம் உள்ளவர்கள் இவ்விறைவனை வழிபட்டால், தோஷம் நீங்கி வளமான வாழ்வு கிட்டும். மேலும் திருமணத்தடை, கண் பார்வை குறைபாடுகள் நீங்கும்.

இராஜராஜ சோழன் மாதந்தோறும் சதய நாளில் தன் குடும்பத்துடன் இத்தலத்திற்கு வந்து சந்தனம் அரைத்து சுவாமிக்கு சந்தன காப்புச் சார்த்தி பேரருள் பெற்றான் என்று கூறப்படுகின்றது.

இத்திருக்கோயிலில் மாதந்தோறும் பௌர்ணமி நாளில் வழிபடுவது சிறப்பாக போற்றப்படுகின்றது.

பல்லவப் பேரரசுகள் சோழநாட்டை ஆட்சி செய்த 7 – 9ஆம் நூற்றாண்டுகளில் கிழார் கூற்றத்து பவதாயமங்கலம் என வழங்கப்பெற்ற இவ்வூர், சோழப் பேரரசர்களின் 10 – 12ஆம் நூற்றாண்டுகளில் நித்த விநோத வளநாட்டு கிழார் கூற்றத்து பவதாயமங்களம் என வழங்கிவந்துள்ளது.

சுந்தர சோழர் காலத்தில் ஏற்பட்ட காவிரியின் பெருவெள்ளத்தால் கிழார் கூற்றத்தின் தலைமையிடமான கிழார் எனும் ஊரும், அக்கூற்றத்தில் திகழ்ந்த தாயமங்கலம் எனும் தாழமங்கையும் முற்றிலுமாக அழிந்து போயின. திருக்கோயில் மட்டும் அழிவின்றி அங்கேயே நிலைகொண்டுள்ளது.

Route:

The Thazhamangai temple is located close to Pasupathi Koil in Thanjavur kumbakonam Road

Temple Timings:

7.30 am to 12 noon

Temple Address:

Sri Chandramouleeswarar Temple

Thiruvaiyaru (via)

Thanjavur

Thanjavur dst

TiruKandiyur – Sri Brahmasirakanteeswarar temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Brahmasirakanteeswarar temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Brahmasirakanteeswarar

Ambal: Mangalambikai

Sthala Theertham: Nandi Theertham, Kudamurutti, Daksa Theertham, Brahma Theertham

Sthala Virksham: Vilvam

Devaram:  Tirunavukkarasar, Sambandar

Sthalapuranam:

To pluck the head of Brahman, the Lord assumed the garb of a hunter.  A small statue of this form is seen near the left side of the door that leads to the sanctum of Brahman opposite to the Lord’s sanctum.  In the sanctum of Navagraha, a dais is built with provision to light lamps and worship.

Since one head, out of the five heads of Brahman was plucked this place came to be known as ‘Kandanapuram’ or ‘Kandiyur’.  The Lord brought the Bael Tree fromMount Kailas for Sage Saathaathaapar; so this holy place is also called  “ Aadi Vilvaaranyam”. Sage Saathaathaapar used to go to Kaalahasti on the ‘pradosham’ day to have darshan of the Lord.  Once when he came to Kandiyur, he could not go to Kalahasti in time.  The legend is that the Lord graced him with the Kalahasti darshan at Kandiyur itself.  This sacred site is also the place to placate the Brahmahathi curse.

The sanctum of Dandapaani is a separate temple with a mandapam.  In the ‘saptha-sthaana’ festival, the Lord takes a procession.  Ambal stands south facing with four arms and with ‘abhayavaratham’ (refuge sign).  Within are the sanctum of Vinayagar, Subrahmanya with Valli-Deivanai, Mahalakshmi, Nataraja, Vishnu-Durgai, Bhairavar, many kinds of Vinayagar and Ardhanaareeswarar in the sitting posture. Chandeswarar is in separate temple.  Brahman, Lingodhbavar, Dakshinamaurthi, and Bhikshaadanar appear as koshta murthis.

Near the door-guards (dwaarapaalar), is the image of Sage Saathaathaapar, and the sanctum of Kaalathinaathar, who revealed Himself to Sage Saathaathaapar, Sapthasthaana Lingams and Panchabhuta Lingams. In the Navagrahas’ sanctum the Sungod is seen with his two spouses.  The Prime Deity a Swayambu murthi, is on a slightly high pedestal.  The statues of Brahman and Saraswathi are near the sanctum of the Lord.  The statue of seated Brahman looks lovely appearing with folded hands in prayer holding flower and rosary.  After plucking his head, Brahman prayed to the Lord to restore his beauty.  The Lord blessed him to get back the beauty of his five faces in his four countenances and Brahman gladly received this benediction.

The Rajagopuram with five stages stands majestically.  Armoured Flag-post, Nandi and altar are seen.  Lord Vinayakar is seen in the Flag-post.  In the inscription, this Lord is noted as “Thiruveerattaanaththu mahaadevar, Thirukkandiyur utaiya mahadevar”.

Maha Shivarathri in Masi (February-March) and Margazhi Thiruvadhirai (December-January)

Route:

Kandiyur is about 9 kms distance from Thanjavur, in the Thanjavur-Tiruvayyaru road. The temple is situated in the middle of the town.

Temple Timings:

6.00 a.m. to 11.00 a.m. and 4.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.

Temple Telephone Number:

+91-4362-261 100, 262 222

Temple Address:

Shri Shirakandeeswrar Temple,

Kandiyur,

Thanjavur district.