Name of the Temple
Sri Navamohana Krishnan Perumal Temple
Period of origin
Before 1600 Years
Name of deity
Moolavar: Navamohana Krishnan
Thayar: Rukmani and Sathyabama
Pushkarani: Yamuna river.
Vimanam: Hema Kooda Vimaanam
Mangalaashaasanam: Periyalwar , Andal, Thirumangai Alwar
The Moolavar of this Gokulam sthalam is Navamohana Krishnan. Moolavar is found in Nindra thirukkolam facing his thirumugham towards east direction. Prathyaksham for Nandagopar.
Thiruayarpadi/Gokul/Braja Bhoomi/ is one of the 108 Divya Desams of Lord Vishnu located on the river banks of Yamuna, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh. The legend has that Lord Krishna was born to Vasudeva and Devaki as their eighth child, the little Krishna was relocated to Mathura/ Thiruayarpadi immediately after his birth in order to save him from the murderous intentions of Kamsa. Little Krishna spent most pleasurable childhood with his foster parents Yasodha and Nandagopan in Thiruayarpadi. He spent his mischievous and enjoyable days with cowherds, cows & calves in their pastureland in Mathura. Thus, this sacred land has attained significant place in Hindu mythology. Sri Krishna, who was born to Sri Vasudeva and Devaki in Mathura, was brought up by Nandagopa and Yasodhai in Aayarpadi. This is the place where Sri Krishna spent all of his childhood days. The temple where the Alwars did the mangalasasanam of the perumal is not in existence now and the idols now found are said to be installed in the later date. Soordasr, who was one of the disciple of Sri Vallabhacharya was a blind person and after he was brought up to this temple, he was blessed by Sri Krishna and praised the perumal in of poems.
In the life of a person, there are two main relationships that will continue and end till our lives. One is the mother and the next is the wife. For Sri Krishna, there are two mothers, Devaki who gave him the birth and the other one is Yasodha who brought him up. Like how he got two mothers, he got two wives also. One is Rukmani and the other one is Sathyabama. Thus, Sri Krishna gives importance to both of his mothers and his two wives. To explain this, this sthalaperumal Navamohana Krishna gives his seva along with his two wives, Rukmani and Sathyabama in standing posture.
The Aayarpadi Sthalapuranam is closely related with Mahakavi Soordasa and Sathyabama. In the previous Janmha, Soordasa lived as Akroorar, once a great devotee who is considered to be great person in character and a sincere Vishnu bhakta.
One day, Sathyabama was feeling lonely in the palace and she was in an urge mood to see Sri Krishna. But, Sri Krishna was unable to come to the palace then. At that time, Akroora came to the palace. On seeing the restlessness of Sathyabama he asked for the reason why she was restless? She told that she wants to see Sri Krishna that too in one minute, if he doesn’t come in a minute, she will sacrifice her life. As her name is Sathyabama, she will do whatever she says. Hearing this from Sathyabama, Akroora went in search of Sri Krishna. He could not find him anywhere. The time is also running and it is almost to end of a minute. Without knowing the consequence, Akroora he himself changed into Sri Krishna and stood in front of Sathyabama. On seeing this, Sathyabama could not recognize that it is only Akroora who had come there as Sri Krishna and she started to talk to him in love words.
After this, Akroora went towards Sri Krishna and told him what had happened. On hearing this, Sri Krsihna got angry on him and shouted at him that he has imitated as the perumal (Paramathma) and by doing this he has committed a sin and that is his eyes saw Sathyabama in a different way. so, Sri Krishna cursed him that in the next Janma he will be born as a blind person and Sathyabama as an ordinary working person. But, at the same time, he said once they get the Gnana, their curse will wither away.
As cursed, Akroorar born as “Soordasa”, in the next Janma. Despite being blind only in vision, his Gnana was so bright and he always praised the Lord through his songs and finally he got the Sabha vimochan through Sri Krishna.
About 4 miles away from Aayarpadi, there is a place named “Purana Gokulam” and a Krishna temple which is considered to be Gokulam. The Yamuna river flows in front of the purana (old) Gokulam temple and idols of Nandagopa, Yasodha and Balarama are seen. In a wooden cradle, one can see Sri Krishna posing as a child.
This Gokulam divyadesam is said to be with many of childhood naughty acts performed by Sri Krishna. The devotees are advised to visit both Gokulam and Old Gokulam.
In sanctum where we can see Nandgopar, Balaram, Yasodha, Yoga Maya (Durgai), and Bala Krishna crawling posture. Since the hall is a small, they allow few members in a batch. Everyone is supposed to crawl and reach the sanctum. In front of these main deities, there is a cradle to which a rope is tied, and Lord Krishna is seen in it. They ask us to swing the cradle. As we come out from the sanctum nearby, we see Poothana sculpture with Lord Krishna to her breast, relating to Poothana vadam by Lord Krishna. She attained Moksha. Once we come outside the premises we can see the place where Lord Krishna as a child, played and enjoyed his childhood days upto five years. Here we were asked to roll on the ground, which is the holy place where Lord Krishna rolled on the ground and played.
Travel 3 miles from Mathura and cross the bridge on the Yamuna River. After that, travelling 5 miles in the bus, from there, we can reach the Temple of Gokulam. 8 miles away from Mathura.