Thanjavur – Sri Thanjaipureeswarar Temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Thanjaipureeswarar Temple

Period of origin

Before 1500 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Thanjaipureeswara, Kuberapureeswarar

Ambal: Anandhavalli amman.

Sthala Theertham:  Vennar river, Sivaganagai theetham

Sthala Virksham: Vilvam


A son named Pulasthya was born from the mind power of Creator Brahmma – Manasa Puthra.  Vishwaras was then born to Pulasthya.  Though belonging to the Rishi tradition, Vishwaras married a demon lady Kekasi whose heritage is noted for cruel qualities.  She delivered two sons Ravana and Kumbakarna and a daughter Surpanaka representing cruelty.  She also delivered Vibhishana and Kubera then. Ravana and Kubera were Shiva devotees.  Vibishana was Vishnu devotee. Kumbakarna was devotee of his great-grandfather Brahmma.  Surpanaka was the most wicket one without any soft quality only searching for men to quench her physical lust.

Ravana, through a Shiva devotee, was a womanizer.  Kumbakarna was a glutton. Kubera and Vibishana were exceptional cases noted for their character of highest standards.  They had no trace of any demon qualities in them.  Ravana had the boon from Lord Shiva that he would not be killed by anyone except by a human.

Kubera, by virtue of his devotion to Lord Shiva, became the ruler of North.  Lord Shiva placed all the wealth of the world in Kubera’s charge with instructions that it be distributed among those working hard honestly and according to their fates.

Mother Mahalakshmi acquired eight powers as wealth, food crops, progeny etc. She entrusted her powers to two youths Sanganidhi and Padmanidhi whom Kubera appointed as his accountants.  These two had their seats on either side of Kubera. Divine sculptor Mayan constructed a special city for them named Alagapuri.  Also a palace was built for them with a court hall of exceptional aesthetic beauty where Kubera is seated in all royal paraphernalia.  If the devotee suffering from poverty is free of any sin, he would be elevated to high wealthy status instantly.

Sanganidhi is on the left of Kubera holding a conch and Padmanidhi on the right with a lotus on hand both symbols of prosperity.  They are the two recommending boons to people based on their fate.

The story goes that Kubera travelled to Thanjavur to worship Lord Shiva.  There was a Shiva temple, small in size, at the border of Thanjavur before the Pragadeeswarar temple (known as Peria Koil – big temple) came into being.  The Lord Thanjapureeswarar meaning the Lord offers asylum to those surrender to Him. When Kubera lost all his wealth and position to Ravana, he was visiting all Shiva temples to get back his due.  Thanjavur was the last representing the name of the Lord.  In the days following, the name changed as Thanjaavur.  The Lord is also known by the name Kuberapureeswarar.

Maha Shivarathri in February-March, Margazhi Tiruvadhirai in December-January,Panguni Uthiram in March-April, Tirukarthikai in November-December and Deepavali in October-November are the festivals celebrated in the temple.


The temple is present on the bank of Vennar river just opposite the Maamani koil Divya desam border of road connecting Thanjavur and Kumbakonam.

Temple Timings:

6.00 a.m. to 11.00 a.m. and 4.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.

Temple Telephone Number:

+9196778 18114

Temple Address:

Sri Thanjaipureeswarar Temple


Palliagraharam P.O



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