Thillaisthanam – Sri Neiyadiyappar Temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Neiyadiyappar Temple

Period of origin

Before 6 th Century

Name of deity

Moolavar: Neiyadiyappar

Ambal: Balambigai

Sthala Theertham: Cauvery

Stalavriksham: Vilvam

Dhevaram : Appar and Thirugnanasampanthar


This is the place where Lord Shiva collected Ghee for Nandhi’s Marriage
This is one of the Saptha sthana Sthalam and Seventh in order.

This temple was renovated by Aditya Chola at 871-907 AD.

A cow in this region was habitually pouring its milk at a specific place. The milk impacted by Sun heat and rain changed into ghee. When a shepherd tried to check the cow, it disappeared. He could not know that it was the very divine cow Kamadenu. When people came to the spot and dug the place, they found a Shivalinga here. The news reached the King. He built a temple, performed consecration and arranged abishek with ghee each day. The ghee abishek is followed even now. Ghee means Nei in Tamil, hence the name of the Lord Neiyadi Appar. The place has another story too. A Shiva devotee had the habit of picking the palak leaves (keerai in Tamil) while returning after lighting lamps in the temple. He told Lord one day that he was lighting lamps in the temple each day and sought his mercy as he was aging. Lord replied that what mercy remains to be shown to him as he had taken the Palak leaves grown in the temple as wage for the job, according to sthala purana.

Mother Balambika, as the name suggests is ever young in appearance. This is the only temple in the hymns of Tirunavukkarasr praising Ambica for Her beauty. Lord Iyarappar visits this temple thrice a year from Tiruvaiyaru. Of the Sapthasthana (seven important temples of the district) Thillaisthanam is the seventh. During festival days, devotees can enjoy the darshan of the seven palanquin processions simultaneously in this place. Saint Sundarar had included this place in his Thevaram hymns. Arunagiriar had praised Lord Muruga of this temple in his Tirupugazh hymns. The place is praised by other poets as Pugazhendi and Ottakoothar. The sculpture of Nardana Ganapathy does need a mention. Lord Dakshinamurthy graces the devotees in a standing form. Pallavas had paid their due share for the renovation of the temple. Kings of Sri Lanka had worshipped Lord as their Kuladeiva-family deity.

Saraswathi, Nandhi Dhevar, Gowthamar, Brigumuni, Sambandhar, Appar, Pugazendhi and Ottakkuththan had worshiped the lord here.

Here Lord Shiva daily gets Ghee anointing(Abishekam)after that he gets a warm water anointing.
Saptha Sthana Thiruvizha at the month of April – May and Brahmotsavam in the month of January – February. At that time Ghee rice and curd rice are distributed.

As we entered through East facing Rajagopuram, the first broad corridor welcomes us with Ambal Shrine. Lord Vignesh and Lord Murugan Shrine are Seen at inside prahar. In Koshtam Dakshinamoorthy, Lingothbavar, Brahma and Dwara ganapathi as Narthana Ganapathi are seen.

King KAYAVAHU of Srilanka treated this deity as an ancestral god and celebrated festivals are known through stone inscriptions available at this temple.


Thillaisthanam-Tiruneithanam is 2 km from Tiruvaiyaru on way to Tirukattupalli.

Temple Telephone number:

4362-260 553.

Temple Timings:

7 am to 11 am and 4 pm to 7 pm

Temple Address

Sri Neiyadiyappar Temple
Thillaisthanam (P.O)
Thiruvaiyaru (Taluk)
Thanjavur (Dist)

Economical hotels and lodges:

1. Manees Residences, Srinivasampillai road, Thanjavur
PH: 04362 271574

2. Karthik Hotel, Old Bus Stand, Thanjavur
PH: 04362-278662

3. Hotel Lion city, 130, Gandhiji Road, Thanjavur
PH: 04362-237565

Luxury Hotels

1. Hotel Sangam, Trichy Road,
PH: +91 4362 234151/ 234026

2. Hotel Parisutham 86, G.A. Canal Road, Thanjavur
PH: +91 4362 231801/ 231844 (10 Lines)

3. Hotel Oriental Towers, Srinivasa Pillai Road, Thanjavur
PH:231467/ 230724

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