Thirumukeeswaram ( Woraiyur) – Sri Panchavarneswarar temple

Name of the Temple

Sri Panchavarneswarar temple

Period of origin

Before 2000 years

Name of deity

Moolavar: Panchavarneswarar, Thanthondreeswarar

Ambal: Kanthimathi Ammai

Sthala Theertham: Shiva theertham, Naga theertham

Sthala Virksham: Vilwam

Devaram: Tirugnana Sambandar


Shivalinga in the temple showed Brahmma five colours – golden yellow, red, black, white and smoke ash here.  For Sage Udangar, Shivalinga appeared as a Gem, Spatika, Gold and Diamond and as a portrait.  Lord also appeared here as Cock and controlled a wild elephant.  Urayur also has the reputation of being the birth place of Vaishnavite saint Tirupanazhwar and Saivite saint Pugazh Chola Nayanar. Kochengatchozha Nayanar attained the Lotus Feet of  Lord in this place.

Karikal Cholan, a famous king of Chola dynasty during his travel from Kaviripoompattinam passed through this place.  A cock struck on the forehead of his elephant.  The elephant immediately began to retreat.  The king realized the greatness of the place, built a city and stayed here making it his headquarters.  The place is also called Urayur Kozhi.  Kozhi in Tamil means cock. An atheist ignored the Vibhuti-sacred ash Prasad offered to him in the temple.  He was born a pig in his following birth and had to live in ugly muddy environment. He realized that his condition was the result of earlier behaviour.  He bathed in the Shiva theertha and was freed from the sin.  Mother Gandhimathi Ammai was worshipped by Naga virgins in the Nagaloka – serpent world- and was installed here by a Chola king, according to history.  Sri Rama worshipped Lord Shiva in Rameswaram.  Lord Vishnu worshipped Lord Shiva in Mukkeeswaram.

Of the Pancha Bhooda places, Tiruvanaikaval belongs to Water, Kancheepuram to Earth, Tiruvannamalai to Fire, Kalahasthi to Wind-Vayu and Chidambaram to Space-Akasha.  The devotee can have the collective benefit of worshipping in these five shrines if he worship Lord Shiva in this temple.  Karkodan, his rival Garuda, Lord Brahmma had worshipped in this temple.  Their influence plays all benefits to the devotee here ensuring success over the rival though he/she is as strong as an elephant.

At the entrance, a beautiful and richly decorated Nandi greets the visitor. The temple has a maha Mandapam, ardha mandapam and a sanctum sanctorum. Inside the sanctum sanctorum is the magnificent, tall lingam of Thanthondreeswarar, with a huge impressive base. Goddess Kanthimathi Ammai, the consort of Panchavarneswarar adorns Ankusam and Lotus in her two hands and faces north. Close to the shrine, one can see the images of Mahavishnu, the sun god, Lord Saneeswara and Kala Bhairavamurthy. In the arthamanadapam, at the entrance to the sanctum sanctorum, there are two brilliant six feet tall Dwarapalakas with typical 8th century features. Both the images are brilliantly docorated. The southern wall of sanctum sanctorum is adorned with the image of Dakshinamoorthy and the northern wall with that of Lord Brahma. The 4 feet tall granite idol of Chandikeswara inside the shrine on the northern side is one of the tallest granite idols.This temple was renovated in the year 2002.

Garuda, Kasyapa Muni and Karkotakan are said to have worshipped here. Pugazh Chola Nayanar and Ko Chenkat Cholan, who built 78 Maadakkovils for Lord Shiva, were born here. This temple is renovated in the 8th century by the great Pandiya King Varaguna Maharaja II. The inscription dated 885 AD has referred to the donation of gold coins to the village sabha for performing poojas to the temple. Inscription in the Rcokfort Thaymanavar temple at Tiruchirapalli also speak of the donations by the great padiya king Varagunaa Maharaja II.


This temple is located in Tiruchirapalli city at a locality known as Uraiyur. Uraiyur is at the heart of Tiruchi Town hardly 1 Km from the Cauvery, This temple tucked away behind tall business complexes on Salai road

Temple Timings:

5.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.

Temple Telephone Number:

0431276 8546, 9443919091, 97918 06457

Temple Address:

Sri Panchavarneswarar Temple,

Urayur – 620 003,

Tiruchi district.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *